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Depiction Of Nietzsche's Theory Of The Übermensch In Pedro Paramo

1354 words - 6 pages

Characters in Pedro Paramo depict Nietzsche’s Theory of the Übermensch as they embody the idea that they are superior, almost like god. The theory states that an Übermensch is an ideal man who transcends the ordinary morals and values set by society and the actions of an Übermensch are inherently for the best, no matter what the actions are. Pedro Paramo is a prominent character who depicts the theory whereas Juan Preciado is the foil who is just an normal, average human being. The difference between each of them is how they react to crimes. Pedro as well as his son, Miguel Paraml, both possess a strong feeling to not feel guilty for the crimes they have committed and therefore, do not have the fear of punishment because they can use their power or dominance over others. Characters such as Pedro Paramo or Miguel Paramo are depicted as the Übermensch because both characters feel “normal” after committing a dreadful crime because the characters believe that there isn’t a higher power beyond them. Thus, are able to assert any type of gruesome, unjustified or blunt action without feeling remorse or responsibility.
Pedro Paramo had two characters that had qualities of an Übermensch: Miguel and Pedro. Miguel was just like his father, Pedro, as both were self centered and didn’t care or show any regard for others as they frightened and destroyed the city and collected women as nothing more than mere objects. But Pedro was a more prominent depiction of the Übermensch as he acts from a very prudent, mental state. After his father’s death, Pedro uses what has happened to him as a way of punishing Comala. Pedro is very ruthless and can assert any type of unjustified action without feeling pain. He is ruthless and he murders those who come in his way which leads to the death of half the population of Comala. It leads to desertion and shows that the ultimate tragedy that lies in Comala which is its past- the ruthless and old fashioned system destroyed and turned the city into a desert and through that journey, punished everyone but the wealthy.
Similar to Pedro Paramo is Miguel who shows little to no regard for others. Miguel frightens the community, collects women as object and most importantly, he flaunts his freedom. He acts like a psychotic person because he has the freedom to rule and do anything without any punishment. However, Pedro is different, he acts from a more tactical impulse which resulted from his father. Ever since Pedro's father died, he took over the resentments that build up in the way he takes over the Media Luna, and in effect, he punishes the world for what happened to him. Even the reason for collecting women has a tactical edge as gathering women is to absolve himself from debt and gather land. He wants to rule, meaning he needs to gather more land to rule, and in order to get that he uses women, he uses them to for a relationship to get the land that he wants. For example, he likes and uses Susanne to obtain the land and money...

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