Depression is a state of despondency marked by feelings of powerlessness and hopelessness. Depression reflects a sad and/or irritable mood exceeding typical grief or sadness. Furthermore, such sadness of depression is characterized by a greater intensity and duration. People tend to see themselves as failing even if they are not. Depression is one of the most prevalent emotional problems.
External experiences often initiate depression. For example, problems of financial nature, a loss of a loved one, a serious illness, difficulties in the relationship, or any other uninvited changes in life can cause a depressive episode. According to medicinenet.com, “a combination of genetic, psychological, and environmental factors is involved in the onset of a depressive disorder.” Stressors that contribute to the development of depression can affect some groups more than others. Disadvantaged groups have higher rates of depression compared to the advantaged ones. More vulnerable to depression can be immigrants because they are isolated by language barrier. Individuals, who have been the victims of abuse, whether it’s physical, emotional, or sexual abuse, are prone to developing a depressive disorder as well. There is a suggestion that a natural susceptibility to depression can be inherited because some types of depression run in families. In some families, major depression too seems to occur in generation after generation. However, major depression can also occur in persons who have no family history of depression at all. (medicicinenet.com)
Many structures of the forebrain appear to be involved in depression. The brain areas involved include the frontal and temporal lobes of the forebrain, the basal nuclei, and parts of the limbic system. The forebrain is responsible for the negative that are very typical for depression. The hypothalamus and the pituitary gland may also play a role in depression, as they are involved in hormonal control, and increased levels of some hormones may play a role in maintaining a depressed state. An imbalance or deficiency of the neurotransmitters, serotonin, noradrenaline and dopamine are implicated in depression, although it may be a change in receptor function, and not neurotransmitter concentration, that causes depression. (www.brainexplorer.com)
Depressive signs and symptoms are characterized not only by negative thoughts, moods, and behaviors but also by specific changes in bodily functions such as crying spells, body aches, as well as problems with eating, weight, and sleeping, and low energy or libido.
Depression affects all aspects of one’s life. A depressed person is more likely to be in the dark, gloomy mood at all times of the day. They often are sleep deprived persons with low self-esteem and self-confidence. Depressed people feel sad, lonely, find it difficult to complete their daily tasks because of fatigue, and typically complain a lot. Because of the depression, persons can may insensitive remarks to their...