Depression and Anxiety in Persons with Divorced Parents
In the recent years, divorce rates have been continually trending upwards (Reiter, Hjorleifsson, Breidablik, & Meland, 2013). It is factual that children who have parents that have divorced typically face more obstacles in numerous aspects of life than children who have married parents. Children that experience divorce have up to a 300% increase in probability to be impacted by issues in mental wellbeing than their peers without an incident of divorce in their parental structure (Shifflett & Cummings, 1999). These issues can arise due to the various conflicts that may come into play throughout the divorce process, or even the mere experience of parental divorce for the child. The child that has underwent parental divorce may show signs of decreased scholastic achievement, decline in relationship quality amongst family and peers, behavioral issues, substance abuse, as well as anxiety and depression (Neher & Short, 1998; Uphold-Carrier & Utz, 2012).
Long-term Depression and Anxiety in Children of Divorce
According to Uphold-Carrier and Utz (2012) the general experience one may undergo during a divorce makes children marginally more susceptible to depression in the long-term. Regardless of where a child is at in their life chronologically, they are more at-risk to depression and anxiety in comparison to their peers with married parents. Children in the adolescent stage of life are continuously adjusting to things like school and social life, and children who come from divorced families are also forced to adjust to this added component. Poor overall adjustment to divorce can be affirmed by research data in children with divorced parents versus those with parents still wedded. Research concludes that the struggles of adapting to parental divorce during the adolescent stage can persist into emerging adulthood (Størksen, Røysamb, Moum, & Tambs, 2005). Poor life choices can stem from depression and anxiety due to parental divorce, which is a long-term detriment to a child (Zill, Morrison, & Coiro, 1993). In adults, research suggests that poor mental health including depression and depressive feelings may manifest into the adult stage of life and even have effects on one’s own marital status due to thoughts of divorce (Uphold-Carrier & Utz, 2012). Whether moderate or severe, divorce serves long-term contributions to depression and anxiety in children regardless of age (Chase-Lansdale, Cherlin, & Kiernan, 1995).
Mental and Emotional Adjustment in Divorce with Age
Numerous factors come into play pertaining to the age of a child that undergoes the experience of parental divorce. As time passes, most research states that both anxiety and depression impact children of divorce rather steadily. However, even after adjusting, these emotional impacts are extremely consistent throughout the progression of life (Størksen et al., 2005). Due to the inability to cognitively process and identify...