Depression is a medical, mental disorder that causes a constant feeling of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness. Depression affects how the person feels, behaves, and thinks. It also leads to emotional and physical problems. People with depression find it hard to go about their day-to-day activities. As human beings, many of us have encountered tough times in our lives, which caused us to feel “depressed”. While those feeling are short lived, people with depression will have feelings that are long lived; they will constantly re-embark on past negative situations and their feelings at that time. When people are severely depressed, they become a different person and their whole attitude on life changes dramatically. It’s a common but serious mental disorder that many unfortunately don’t receive help for because of the big stigma around the world. Because of the fact that many don’t get the help that they so desperately need, many turn to suicide or other life-ending, harmful situations.
Major Depression correlates back to the 1920’s when German psychiatrist, Kurt Schneider, discovered reactivity in mood and no reaction to outside events are causes. His theory was challenged by many; including the famous Sigmund Freud. He theorized that objective loss, such as the loss of a valued relationship through death or a romantic break-up, results in subjective loss as well; depression. Todays research ties in with what Freud had mentioned but added much more detailed research for causes and symptoms.
While we may feel “depressed”, we are just in a state of short-term sadness. We may have some symptoms of depression, but they will usually go away within a couple days to a week. On the other hand, people with chronic depression have persistent symptoms that will last for at least three weeks. These symptoms may consist of the following: prolonged depressed mood, poor concentration, insomnia, fatigue, appetite disturbances, excessive guilt, feelings of worthlessness/hopelessness, and in serious cases, suicidal ideation. Depression is a very important topic in psychology because there have been many negative outcomes because of it. “Each year, depression affects 5-8 percent of adults in the United States. This means that about 25 million Americans will have an episode of major depression this year alone. Depression occurs 70 percent more frequently in women than in men for reasons that are not fully understood. Without treatment, the frequency and severity of these symptoms tend to increase over time” (Depression). If left untreated, depression can escalate and lead to serious interruptions in a person’s daily functioning. It is a statistical fact that every forty seconds, someone commits suicide.
Over the years, the stigma of depression has somewhat decreases but, is still a greatly induced issue. Because mental illness has a lot of stigmas on depression and other disorders, there is a huge issue on people getting the help that they need. In the olden...