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Depression And Its Causes Essay

2595 words - 11 pages

The purpose of this essay is to give a critical overview of the current treatment approaches offered to individuals experiencing a mental health problem. The mental health problem that will be discussed throughout the essay is depression. The chosen treatment that will be examined is, antidepressant treatment, by taking in to account the issues associated with this particular treatment.
Additionally, the essay will deliver an understanding of mental health and illness by focusing on the underlying perspectives (biomedical). According to Reynolds et al. (2009, p. 8) “compared with other areas of health practice, the mental health field is particularly subjected to heated debate”. Therefore, the essay will attempt to look at the contemporary issues within mental health care by drawing on relevant research.
There are various theories and understandings given to the term ‘mental health’. A previous understanding given by the Health Education Authority (1997, in Tilford and Cattan, 2006 p. 17) defined mental health as “the emotional and spiritual pliability which allows us to enjoy life and to survive pain, disappointment and sadness. It is a positive sense of well being and an underlying belief in our own, and others’, dignity and worth”. However more recently, mental health has been defined by the World Health Organisation (2011) “as a state of well-being in which every individual realises his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community”. Both authors consider , mental health as an important aspect of an individual’s well-being. However, the HSA (1997, in Tilford and Cattan, 2006, p. 17) does not state that individuals should be able to take part in their community, thus it can be identified that the understanding of mental health has been built upon over time.
However, understandings of mental health and ill health are underpinned by a number of discourses for example, psychological, biomedical and sociological, which give different understandings on mental health and illness. One of the central discourse is psychiatry (specialty within medicine)according to Rogers and Pilgrim (2010, p.2), which has shaped people’s views or, has provoked other conflicting discourses. The bio-medical understanding of mental disorders as stated by Deacon (2012, p.130), are diseases of the brain and emphasize pharmacological treatment to treat biological malfunctions. However, psychiatrist George Engel (1997, in Deacon, 2012 p.130) argued that the framework does not leave enough room for other proportions of illness. Similary, the model was furher criticised by, Rogers and Pilgrim (2010, p.10), who argued that framework on deals with a patients symptoms and not thier signs. It can be therefore argued that the bio-medical model of illness, emphasizes mental illnesses are precisely brain diseases and does not take consider wider aspects of...

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