Depressive disorders are mental disorders that cause long periods of excessive sadness. These long periods affect a persons thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. There are three different types of depressive disorders; major depression, also known as clinical depression, chronic depression, also known as dysthemia, and manic depression, also known as bipolar disorder. Depression is caused by a number of things, but luckily, it's curable.
Major depression involves excessive sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities that were once enjoyed. The symptoms must last at least two weeks and go along with other physical and mental symptoms. The feelings you used to feel, your “normal” feelings, may come back, but without treatment, the depression will return. About 8 percent of people experience this form of depression at some point in their lives.
People with chronic depression have the same severe down feelings of someone with major depression, but instead they ...view middle of the document...
Only about 17 percent of people with a depressive disorder have manic depression.
There are many different causes of depression. All the factors of a persons biological makeup and his or her life experiences can trigger it. Luckily, it can't be caught like the cold or flu. Researchers have found that people with depression may have too little or too much of chemicals known as neurotransmitters. Heredity may also have something to do with it. Depression and manic depression can occur in several members of the same family because of certain genes that are being passed from parent to child. But just because someones mother, father, or sibling has depression, doesn’t mean that person will have it. Identical twins have the same genes but sometimes only one of them gets depression. Another cause of depression is certain situations a person has to face in life, such as losing a loved one. It's natural to feel sadness in a situation like that, but for some people, the sadness doesn't go away, and turns into depression. For children and young adults, depression can occur because of school-related problems, and problems with family and friends.
Depression affects a persons mental and physical state. It can increase any aches and pains a person may have. Decrease or increase their appetite. Bring chronic fatigue. Decrease their interest in activities they once enjoyed, including sex. And insomnia, lack of sleep, or oversleeping can occur as well.
Depression can happen to anyone, at any age, of any race or ethnicity. Although women, people 45-64 years of age, Black, Hispanic, and other non-white races, people with less than a high school education, those previously married, people unable to work or unemployed, and people without health insurance coverage tend to be more depressed. Only 1 in 10 U.S. Adults report depression. Many people who suffer from it, don't seek help.
Depression is hard, but there are ways to cure it. If it is medical causes, your doctor should see if any of the medicines you're taking is causing it. But you can also find a therapist. And antidepressants could work too. But if not, maybe try changing some things in the way you live. Such as getting more exercise, better nutrition, more sleep, social support, and try lowering your stress.