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Descartes Father Of Modern Philosophy

2168 words - 9 pages

PAGE PAGE 1 Descartes
Running head: DESCARTESDescartesJona Boney, Laurie Spivey, Anthony Borromeo,Jarrod Trantham, Suzie HuntUniversity of PhoenixPHL/215Dr. Devon SmithApril 9, 2008The sixteenth and seventeenth century gave birth to a plethora of scientists, innovators, inventors, and thinkers. Among those were Galileo, Newton, Thomas Hobbs and John Locke. The seventeenth century was the beginning of a modern era for France and for most of the eastern world. New revelations were being found. Italy was experiencing their renaissance period climaxing. The average population were considerable prosperous and continuing to grow.The New World was discovered and their colonizing opened up trading overseas, and bringing barrels of money into France. Inventions like gunpowder and cannons were renovating the arts of war. The Printing Press was giving birth to the media revolution, and allowing books to be made in native languages. People were now able to read self help books, fiction and nonfiction, as well as the bible. By the time the press started copying the bible for everyone to read, the Thirty Year War was beginning, which took place 1618-1648 (Iannuzzo, C. T., Unknown). The war was a turning point for countries involved. It found an almost crushed Germany surrendering leadership to Sweden who had inherited wondrous power (Sommerville, 2008).During the seventeenth century, European states began to create conflict with each other. The Dutch, French, Spanish, Portuguese, English, and others were in a constant race to keep up with the latest in technologies, colonization, and trade. Trade held a specific interest in the states eyes. With the new continent now developing and in full swing, Europe's main focus was to set up as many trading posts around the world as possible (Sommerville, 2008).In the midst of the events taking place around the world, a future renowned philosopher and published mathematician was born. Rene Descartes was born March 31, 1596 in a town by the name of Lattay located in South France. He was the son of an intellectual by the name of Joachim Descartes. He was a Member of Parliament and most concerned providing his son with the best of learning environments.In 1606 Joachim enrolled Rene at the Jesuit College of King Henri IV where he studied subjects ranging from literature, grammar, science and mathematics. At the age of sixteen, Rene had left college and pursued a degree in law at the prestige school by the name of Poitiers where he studied philosophy, theology, and medicine in his spare time. After joining the military, Rene lived a quiet life writing a publishing essays dealing with philosophy. He continued his intellectual pursuits of exploring science and math. In 1637 was he was able to create and publish geometry, which later became known to be Cartesian Geometry (Unknown, 2002).Rene was known to be a frail individual. He was very soft spoken. He spent mornings in bed pondering his thoughts, and would reflect on...

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