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Descartes Ontological Argument Essay

1044 words - 4 pages

Humans in their nature, hypothesize and at the same time are skeptical of everything they believe. Every human belief has the predisposition of being doubted at some point in time. Even God, in all His wisdom has been doubted. Humans are a marvelous creation, but have many imperfections. If God is so powerful, why are we flawed? Is God flawed as well? This is one of the skeptical arguments against the existence of God. Rene Descartes pushes skepticism to its fullest extent in order to assert his own beliefs. This is achieved through doubting anything which is true in our external world. External perceptions are brought into play here . In widening the spectrum of doubt, Descartes is able to create his own argument for overcoming his own skeptical challenge. This is a process in which Descartes discovers the ideas which he is unable to doubt. Descartes goes on to explain that all knowledge is discovered because of sensory input, besides the knowledge of God. Hence, our ideas of God are innate. We know for certain this knowledge must have been hardwired by another being. This ontological argument is required here because questioning God's intentions is necessary for addressing Descartes skeptical arguments. The skeptical challenge is addressed by questioning if God actually exists. God's existence can further be examined through the questioning of man's existence.The skeptical challenge refers to the unreliability of the external world for true perception. We know that the mind can misinterpret the external world from time to time. Therefore, one must wonder how often he or she misinterprets sensory input. If perceptions are sometimes false, where can one draw the line? Descartes skeptical arguments include "Dream hypothesis" and the "Evil Demon Hypothesis," (Descartes, 4-5) The dream argument shows that our perceptions of the external world can not be differentiated from the dream world. Are we always dreaming? The mind interprets dream information as the truth. Hence we are unable to distinguish between the two types of perceptions.Building on his previous argument, Descartes "Evil Demon Hypothesis" suggests that we actually do not perceive the external world. The theory suggests that an immoral demon tricks us into believing the sensory input which is not real. If this were true, then our daily sensory perceptions would be way off. This would prove God to be a deceiver. This however is untrue as God, in all His perfection, would not be able to misinform us in such a way. It would be a contradiction to his own perfection. Therefore, the external world which we perceive is a true process of sensory input. The ontological argument allows Descartes to challenge his own skeptical hypotheses. He questions the reliability of the senses and our judgement on the external world. If our beliefs Of God are true, then a defensive argument can be used against the skeptical arguments laid out by Descartes.Humans are born with the knowledge Of God, with out...

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