Describe And Analyse The Forces Shaping The Employment Relationship In The Firefighters' Case Study Referred To In The Tutorial In Week 12 (Blyton And Turnbull, 2004:317 325).

1495 words - 6 pages

The Blyton and Turnbull (2004) examination of the British firefighters' strike 2002-3 provides evidence of the legal exchange system that operates between employees and the employers, known as the employment relationship. "This relationship is created and maintained through complex pressures which result in the specific action of an employer and employee reaching a working agreement."(Dufty and Fells 1989: p.15) Whilst there are several factors which shape the employment relationship, this essay will focus on the three factors outlined in Dufty and Fells (1989): the economic dimension, the legal dimension and the social dimension. How these forces are evident in the firefighters' case study will also be analysed.The employment relationship is broadly defined as: "an economic, social and political relationship in which employees provide manual and mental labour in exchange for reward allotted by employers'." (Gospel and Palmer 1993: p.3 as cited in Rose 2004: p.6) Central to this legal relationship is the issue of power, between a super (employer) and subordinate (employee). (Rose 2004: p.6) The employment relationship itself is made up of several interrelated and interdependent forces which are the stem of the conflict between the two parties of the employment relationship. (Dufty and Fells 1989: p.2)In theory, the most dominant force in the employment relationship is the economic factor.Firms have to make a profit, otherwise they will not survive. Therefore, they must use their limited resources in the most cost efficient manner using economic rationality. (Goodman 1984: p.6) All firms, and subsequently employees are at the mercy of the market forces of demand and supply. Supply of labour will be determined in the long run by trade offs between present income and training, investment in human capital, and in the short run by the workers choice between income and leisure (Whitfield 1987 pp.18-20). Demand for labour will be influenced by the final product value, cost of labour, efficiency of management and use of technology (Dufty and Fells 1989: p.5). From an economic dimension, labour will be allocated to where it's needed, where the demand is, and where the profit is. This is essentially the capitalist theory of maximising profit through minimum inputs, and the generating of excess capital.The legal dimension of the employment relationship is the framework, the basis of the exchange system. It protects the individual worker in that it provides a counterbalancing force in regard to "the inequality of bargaining power which is inherent and must be inherent in the employment relationship."(Kahn-Freund 1972: p.8 as cited in Dufty and Fells 1989: p.9) For modern society, this unbalanced relationship requires that the "weaker" party is protected, hence the creation of labour laws. One must not forget that the laws that we all abide by are a product of our society, and therefore reflect views that are inherent in our present ideology. (Dufty and Fells...

Find Another Essay On Describe and analyse the forces shaping the employment relationship in the firefighters' case study referred to in the tutorial in Week 12 (Blyton and Turnbull, 2004:317-325).

A report on the Equal Employment Legislation in Australia. Evaluates case study with regards to discrimination and harassment. Statistics and Recommendations outlined

2822 words - 11 pages access to benefits and conditions including flexible working arrangementsFair processes to deal with work-related complaints and grievances1. Affirmative Action in Workplaces. [Online], (1998). Available: (accessed 12/07/05).2. Affirmative Action: EEO for Women. [Online], (1998). Available: (accessed 10/07/05).In the case study the woman was being discrimination against and her

The Influence Culture and Socialization in Shaping Individual Identity

1372 words - 5 pages Culture and socialisation are the two major entities that help shape our identity. The culture one is raised in as a child, and the people we come into contact with in our daily lives, can all be classified as encounters we have with socialisation. As young children who enter this world, we imitate those close to us and behaviours begin to form. It is through this imitation we also discover to express our emotions. These characteristics are

Using the Relevant Concepts, Theories and Models Introduced in the Module, Describe and Analyse any Recent Organisational Change, Discuss the Problems Encountered in the Process of Managing Change and...

3678 words - 15 pages . Benchmarking: An International Journal, 7 (5), pp. 406-413.Oakland J.S. and Tanner S.J., 2007. A new framework for managing change. The TQM Magazine. 19 (6), pp. 572-589.Ogbonna E. and Wilkinson B., 2003. The False Promise of Organizational CultureChange: A Case Study of Middle Managers in Grocery Retailing. Journal of Management Studies, 40 (5) , pp. 1151-1178Scates P.J., 2003. To Change or not to Change? That is the Question or is it?. MBA: University

Marriage in the New Millennium (An article written to compare marriage between 1979 and 2004)

629 words - 3 pages education and found employment before "settling down". In turn, couples today have much more expendable cash. Compared to families in '79, they can afford more than just the basic necessities. We have become a "material" society. With technology advancing quicker than ever, everyone wants the newest, fastest gadget now. Money spent. But soon after its purchase, there's a better version. So we upgrade. More money spent.Twenty-five years ago, men and

Study The Rise Of Condottieri Warfare In Italy. What Political And Economic Factors Led To The Employment Of Condottieri?

856 words - 4 pages Study the rise of condottieri warfare in Italy. What political and economic factors led to the employment of condottieri? Describe their tactical organization, weapons and tactics.Although Italy was not immune to the mercenary-phenomenon that was spreading fast throughout Western Europe, the for-hire professional soldier did not consume the Italian armies until approximately 1320-30. Italy was absorbed with the current Renaissance, and therefore

Analyse the application of the multi-factor test as applied in the attached case study (Dominic B Fishing Pty Ltd and Commissioner of Taxation [20

1061 words - 5 pages supervision control is required to determine the existence of employment whereby the employer has control to how work is to be performed. In this case study, it is stated that crew members operated independently, were free to fish and did not take instructions from the skippers or from their crew mates. Hemingway noted that whenever he wanted to work, he would make himself known to the taxpayer who then “invites” him to work. Furthermore, the

Describe and discuss the social and emotional consequences for a child of being identified as gifted. Refer to evidence in your answer. (12 marks - 5/7 split)

1194 words - 5 pages longitudinal study 1925-1959. He studied and followed children with an IQ of 140+ throughout their lifetime and found that they were very successful in many aspects of their life. This means that his research does not support the view that gifted children will encounter emotional and social development problems.If you choose to agree with this research then there would be no (or very little) social and emotional consequences of a child being

Describe the importance of the relationship between Greville and his children in the play 'Serious Money' as a whole

1474 words - 6 pages The relationship between Greville and his children Jake and Scilla, in the play "Serious Money" by Caryl Churchill, is a strained one and it is very important to the dynamics of the play. Greville displays favouritism towards his son Jake and Scilla resents Greville for this. Their relationship highlights the theme of money being the most important objective in ones life, as each member of the Todd family is more interested in helping out in a

Wetlaufer, S (1998). “After the layoffs, what next?” Harvard Business Review, Sept- Oct, 24-42. (analyse ob issues in the case study and find solution)

1750 words - 7 pages to be doubtful, that is why Guy wants to interfere in it and get involved. This essay aims to analyse the reasons at the origin of Charyl's poor performance, which leads to tensions between Ralston's members. After exploring Ralston Crane's case recommendations to overcome difficulties will be made.a) Goal difficulty and specificityLocke and Latham's (2002 p705) core findings show the relation of goal difficulty and specificity to performance

Use Michael Porter's five forces model to analyse the business environment in which your organization operates: Victor Chids

1691 words - 7 pages to be at play in an industry and affecting how that industry works and providing an indication of its attractiveness. The five forces are:Rivalry among competing sellers in the industryBargaining power of suppliersBargaining power of customersThreat of substitutesBarriers to entryThe following is an analysis on the business environment in which my organization, Intermarket Banking Corporation Limited is operating in.Intensity of rivalryRivalry is

The Cause and Effect of the Tsunami in Thailand in 2004

2119 words - 8 pages The Cause and Effect of the Tsunami in Thailand in 2004 The tsunami in Thailand that occurred on December 26, 2004, was by far the largest tsunami catastrophe in human history. It was triggered by a magnitude 9.1-9.3 earthquake along the Indian-Australian subduction zone off the northern coast of Sumatra. The tsunami waves traveled primarily in the east to west direction and caused major damage along the coasts of southern Thailand

Similar Essays

Using At Least One Example From The Tutorial Readings, Describe The Relationship Between Myth Or Ritual And The Maintenance And Recreation Of Soci

1421 words - 6 pages Myth, and the maintenance and recreation of the socio-cosmic order, is a seemingly paradoxical occurrence in religion, yet their relationship to one another becomes established as the evolution of belief flourishes and the intricate understanding of the cosmos coupled with the allegory of myth become increasing interlinked. Boas, a pioneer and a dominant influential figure in the discipline of anthropology stated that, ‘mythology reflect[ed

Analyse The Relationship Between The Mother And Her Son In The Son's

1388 words - 6 pages Analyse the relationship between the mother and her son in The Son's Veto by Thomas Hardy showing how their behaviour and attitudes were affected by society. "The Son's Veto" is a short story that focuses on a woman, Sophy, who is torn between two conflicting social classes. Sophy is an uneducated parlour maid who marries a man above her class to secure her future. The son that is the outcome of the marriage is arrogant and self centred

Analyse The Importance Of Winston And Julia's Relationship In The Novel

706 words - 3 pages Analyse the importance of Winston and Julia's relationship in the novel. How does it contrast with the oppressive regime around them? Question 1. Analyse the importance of Winston and Julia's relationship in the novel. How does it contrast with the oppressive regime around them? In the novel Winston Smith was a quiet man in his late thirties , something of and intellectual , who nurses a secret hatred of the party in the face of the

Describe And Analyse Any Recent Organisational Change, Discuss The Problems Encountered In The Process Of Managing Change And Suggest Possible Solutions To These Problems

3331 words - 13 pages responsible team of the change.As the term organizational change usually means to adapt alterations in an organization's structure, goals, technology and work tasks, and has been improved in the last few decades to include changes in attitudes and cultural values (Stephen Linstead, Liz Fulop, and Simon Lilley, 2004, p. 424). DAFS had to state the resources of changes in order to cope with the new stated vision.Resources of Changes:Hence that