Describe And Discuss The Aztec Civilization. What Factors May Have Lead To Its Collapse?

1140 words - 5 pages

The Aztec civilization was the name given to the group of different states that dominated central and southern Mexico. These states were allied but ethnically different between the 12th and 16th centuries, around the time of the Spanish invasion.The Heinemann Australian Dictionary (1992) defines the word Aztec as:"a) any of a people inhabiting Mexico between A.D. 1100 and A.D. 1519 (the Spanish Invasion). b) their language, a variety of which is still spoken in Mexico."The language of the Aztecs was Nahuatlan branch of the Uto-Aztecan family. The name "Aztec" is derived from a mythical homeland to the north called Azatlán; the Aztecs also called themselves the Mexica. Because of the decline in the Toltec civilization, they arrived in the Valley of Mexico from the north around 1110-1325AD. In 1325AD - The Aztecs founded the city of Tenochtitlan (modern day Mexico City) on an island in the lake of Texcoco. All these immigrants created hostile states. At the end of the 14th century there were only two dominant powers: Azcapotzalco in the west and Texcoco on the east.The Mexica were a client state of Azcapotzalco. With the defeat of Texcoco in the 15th century, Azcapotzalco controlled the entire valley.The creation of these allied states came about by in 1430 an army from Tenochtitlan and the former king of Texcoco defeated Azcapotzalco. These two rulers and a ruler from Tlacopan created the alliance that controlled the Valley of Mexico and created the Aztec civilization for over one hundred years. They became a powerful political and cultural group. To the north they had control over the Huastec, to the south the Mixtec and Zapotec and ventured as far south as Guatemala. (New Illustrated Columbia Encyclopedia, 1979, p. 551).By absorption of other cultural elements and by conquest the Aztec achieved a composite civilization, based on the heritage of Toltec and Mixteca-Puebla. They attained a high degree of development in engineering, architecture, art, mathematics and astronomy. The Aztecs created two calendars: one with a cycle lasting 260 days and the other one with a 365-day cycle. The 260-day calendar cycle, known as the tonalpohualli (counting of the days), was a sacred calendar used mainly by priests to predict the future. The other calendar known as the xiuhpohualli (for counting days and months) or xihuitl (for counting years), this 365-day calendar dictated the timing of important religious rites and agricultural tasks, such as planting and harvesting. Aztec skill in engineering and architecture was also evident in ways that included: dams, canals, causeways, temples (including the major renovation of the Huitzilopochtli Temple), pyramids, palaces, dykes and aqueducts. (Brumfiel, 1983)Another engineering feat by the Aztecs that were important was the chinampas. These were a means of productive farming on Lake Texcoco. They were created by using soil from the canals, lake beds etc. and putting the soil onto canes that floated to make...

Find Another Essay On Describe and discuss the Aztec civilization. What factors may have lead to its collapse?

Research Design and Methodology on Factors That Lead to Teacher Retention

1818 words - 7 pages developed to guide the research: 1. What are the most prevalent reasons for leaving the teaching profession or moving to another building? 2. Are there differences in novice teachers leaving schools and novice teachers that stayed or moved due to free and reduced lunch percentage and grade level configuration? 3. What is the relationship between the induction program components and novice teacher turnover? 4. Are the motivating factors to leave or

The Roman Empire and Its Influence on Western Civilization

1503 words - 6 pages The Roman Empire and Its Influence on Western Civilization      Rome's vast empire lasted for an amazing one thousand-year reign. Half of it referred to as the republic, and the other as the empire. However, after its fall in 5oo-a.d. Rome has still remained in existence through its strong culture, architecture, literature, and even religion (Spielvogel 175). Even after its disappearance as a nation Rome left behind a legacy that will never

Did the Mayan Civilization Collapse as a Result of Drought?

1073 words - 4 pages Ever since the collapse of the once powerful Maya civilization, people have been trying to find out what caused it. Authors of the article, "“Climate and the Collapse of Maya Civilization”", which include Gerald Haug, Detlef Günther, Larry Peterson, Daniel Sigman, Konrad Hughen, and Beat Aeschlimann propose a theory that the Mayans collapsed because of an extended dry period between 760 and 910 A.D. These scientists set out find

To what extent did economic problems contribute to the collapse of the Weimar Republic?

1859 words - 7 pages The collapse of the Weimar Republic can not be seen as solely indebted to the severe economic problems faced during the period of its rule, but consequently it was the economic issues that became a footstep to the ultimate demise of the Republic. Subsequent to Germany’s defeat in the First World War and German Emperor Kaiser’s abdication from power, the Weimar Republic was proclaimed. The Republic that had emerged from the German Revolution of

The Toltec, Aztec, and Mayan Indian Tribes

571 words - 2 pages the 1400's and early 1500's. They practiced a religion that affected every part of their lives. To worship the Aztecs built towering temples, created huge sculptures, and had human sacrifices. The center of Aztec civilization was a river valley in Mexico. The emperor of the Aztecs was called the "huey tlatoani" (great speaker). A council of high-ranking no bles chose him from the members of a royal family. The Aztec society had four

Civilization and Its Discontents, by Sigmeund Freud

923 words - 4 pages “Civilization and Its Discontents” is a book written by Sigmund Freud in 1929 (originally titled “Das Unbehagen in der Kultur” or The Uneasiness in Culture.) This is considered to be one of Freud’s most important and widely read works. In this book, Freud explains his perspective by enumerating what he sees as fundamental tensions between civilization and the individual. He asserts that this tension stems from the individual’s quest for freedom

Collapse of the Newspaper Industry and Its Replacement By Online News

1215 words - 5 pages Question 1 Information Technology has revolutionised the way through which people access information. Chen’s article, “Newspapers fold as readers defect and economy sours” shows this by detailing the collapse of the newspaper industry and its replacement by online news. Prior to the widespread availability of the internet, consumers were forced to rely on newspapers and television to find out the news of the world. These comparatively old

Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages

1431 words - 6 pages ownership and regulation issues that may affect what is presented and in what form (Pavlik 37). Media literacy is part of an ongoing process with no end goal in sight, so constant efforts to understand the media needs to be made. Consumers of media need to question the content they see and be critical of mediated communication as a whole. Although today’s complex media environment is overbearing, and striving to comprehend the factors allowing us

What is the WTO and its Doha Round supposed to achieve?

1856 words - 7 pages -discriminatory and inclusive of all countries. Additionally, principles of Consensus and Single undertaking allow for developing nations greater say in negotiations. All these enable more open, fair and undistorted competition so that all countries have equal opportunity in the world trade market. Last but not least, transparency and binding increase predictability and stability, encouraging business and investments, which ultimately lead to growth and

To what extent does teamwork lead to empowerment?

2747 words - 11 pages point of empowerment, “either to strengthen this belief or to weaken belief in personal powerlessness” equalisation is promoted for trust and collaboration as cited in CLMS, 2006 M2:U4:355. ... “other authors in the field define empowerment in terms of its dynamic interaction, for example Pastor (1996, p.5) stated that :”it is part of a process of evolution-an evolution that goes whenever you have two or more people in a relationship, personally

An Enemy of the People, Waiting for Godot and Civilization and Its Discontents

1469 words - 6 pages , like the rising of the sun; there are hints at advancement for a long time before the next step is ready to be made. Because of this, science and technology takes off in leaps and bounds before human values have awakened to find society moving again. This race between science and human values is a common theme in literature. Sigmund Freud discusses it in his essay Civilization and Its Discontents, bringing up themes later reflected in

Similar Essays

The Rise And Fall Of The Aztec Civilization

728 words - 3 pages The Rise and Fall of the Aztec Civilization The Rise and fall of the Aztec Empire is possibly the most important area of study in the modern world. Of all of the nomadic tribes who migrated into Mexico, the Aztecs were one of the last. At first driven away by established tribes, the Aztecs slowly began to develop an empire of immense wealth and power by the late fifteenth century. Due in large part to the accomplishments of their ruler

Factors Leading To The Collapse Of Past Societies

1608 words - 6 pages can lead beyond reason to catastrophe. A seductive trail of successes may end in a trap.” (Wright, 5). Collectively, it is not hard to imagine each city-state setting themselves up for failure due to their competitive nature. Competition for power and an increasing need for prosperity lead to Copan’s collapse, and ultimately the Classic Maya civilization as a whole. Secondly, the Roman civilization had a number of social disputes, which

Eureka, Pro Legalization Of Marijuana May Lead To The New American Gold Rush!

1180 words - 5 pages economy. You may have noticed in the media that the movement to legalize marijuana is rapidly building support across the country, along with growing opposition. Several states either already have or are considering legislation to decriminalize marijuana. Medical marijuana legalized in 14 states and the District of Columbia. The state of California like our entire nation held captive by a massive budget deficit. California has helped

Describe And Discuss One Or More Explanations Of Divided Attention

1280 words - 5 pages clear to be the case from earlier research carried out on divided attention. As well as the capacity, external factors such as heat, noise, anxiety and lack of sleep may also affect performance on tasks related to attention (Revelle). Findings such as these do support the capacity models of attention. According to Kanheman different tasks require a different amount of processing. So, easy tasks will require little processing capacity and