Describe And Discuss Two Contributions Of Either Freud Or Rogers To The Development Of Psychology.

1330 words - 5 pages

Describe and discuss TWO contributions of eitherFreud or Rogers to the development of Psychology.Freud's work is described as psychoanalysis; it is the theory of personality, personality development including child development, moral development, defence mechanisms and theory of dreams. In this essay we will look at the psychosexual stages primarily the phallic stage. We will also look at Freud's theories on the structure of personality.Freud suggested that sexuality was not only confined to mature adults, according to his theory on infantile sexuality, babies and young children are capable of sexual stimulation, this could be achieved by stroking of stimulating parts of the body. Freud stated that different erogenous zones are more sensitive at different stages in childhood, this he classed as the child's libido. As these erogenous zones come to the forefront they become the focus for sexual pleasure or frustration. He suggested that at any stage excessive gratification or frustration could result in an individual becoming emotionally stuck in a particular stage.At the time of the phallic stage the child becomes aware of the biological differences between males and females, between the ages of 3 and 7 the erogenous zone that becomes dominant is the genital area. Feud believed at this point the boy will develop an unconscious sexual desire for his mother; he will become rivals with his father for the affections of his mother, and feel he is in competition for his mother. During this time, subconsciously the boy will also develop a fear that his father will punish him for having incestuous thoughts for his mother; he fears his punishment will be castration; this will lead to "castration anxiety". At this point he will repress his feelings for his mother and identify with his father, in doing this he will reduce the castration anxiety, Freud called this "identification with the aggressor". By doing this he will try to be like his father, Freud suggested that he would internalise his father's moral standards and develop a super ego, this Freud called the Oedipus complex.Freud also suggested that girls envied their fathers because they had a penis; he concluded that the girl blamed the mother for this and would develop penis envy. Because of this envy the girl will transfer her affections to her father, Freud then(1)stated that as the child realises the unequal struggle to posses the father they would transfer the affection to their mother. Freud suggested that as there was no castration anxiety for the young girl, as she had already been castrated by her mother that these feelings would just fade away. Freud stated that because there was no threat of castration they did not need to renounce their feelings and thus identify with their mother as much. Therefore, the girls would develop a weaker superego and the concept of independence is less developed. This Freud called the Electra complex.There have been many works stating how controversial Freud's...

Find Another Essay On Describe and discuss TWO contributions of either Freud or Rogers to the development of Psychology.

Describe immune responses to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and discuss recent advances towards development of a safe protective vaccine against HIV.

2015 words - 8 pages Safe and effective HIV vaccines offer the most hope of stopping the spread of HIV disease worldwide. Although HIV transmission is in theory largely preventable, in practice, without the development of an effective vaccine, HIV will continue to infect millions throughout the world. The ideal vaccine for worldwide use will be inexpensive to manufacture, provide protection against all subtypes of HIV, require minimal if any boost, protect against

LifeSpan Development -Psychology side. 'Discuss some of the Psychological Changes that Occur During Old Age.'

2242 words - 9 pages In order to discuss some of the psychological changes that occur during old age, we must first define what we mean by 'Psychological Change' and then look at what is meant by 'Old Age', how do we define it? Then I will go on to look at these changes and view them froma positive and negative viewpoint.'Psychology is formally defined as the scientific study of the behaviour of individuals and their mental processes....'(ZIMBARDO,1992). So

Describe and Discuss Psychological research relating to development in Peer Relationships.

1607 words - 6 pages ; Richards, 1991).This essay will begin by defining the word peers, before going on to discuss what is so special about peer relationships and describe the difference between friends and non-friends, and then outline and evaluate the research relating to development in peer relationships.By definition, peers are individuals who are close in age to one another, closely usually than siblings. Thus, in contrast with their status in most of their

The Contributions of Sigmund Freud

1589 words - 6 pages of his writings included pornographic ideas. Freud broke social norms by discussing issues on what no one else deemed appropriate. Incest and molestation were common childhood complications Freud discovered among his patients. Freud coined the term, libido, which is the sexual drive that relieves or exacerbates sexual tension. He diagnosed his patients to have abnormal libido due to their childhood experiences. Freud used this data he

Critically Discuss of the Importance of Material Culture to Either Tourists or Migrants

1997 words - 8 pages tourists, two key terms are needed; 'material culture', the relationship between people and objects (Thrift, 2000), and 'tourist', a traveller who visits places away from home for pleasure. This essay begins by considering the differences in the types of tourists and tourism and how a tourist's connection with material differs with each. It then discusses the significance of souvenirs to a tourist and how this type of material can have very personal

Sigmund Freud's Life and Contributions To The Field of Psychology

1175 words - 5 pages mechanisms are denial, displacement, and rationalization. Denial is refusing to believe something that took place or perceiving the situation differently then what took place. Displacement is directing anger from the main target to a secondary target. Rationalization is trying to justify the actions someone did by making up a plausible excuse. D. Major Contributions to the field of psychology Freud’s major contributions to the field of

Freud's Contributions To The Field of Psychology

1350 words - 5 pages , transforming, or falsifying reality in some way (rpi). All in all, Freud developed the first elaborate theory of the human psych, and was a pioneer for modern psychology. His psychoanalytic theory helped many disturbed patients by offering them help, treatment, and understanding. His other theories sparked vigorous debates between psychologists, and pushed society to further investigate the operations of the human mind. Due to his

'Selecting one of either herbivory or carnivory, describe the similarities and differences in the feeding strategies of vertebrates compared with ...

1030 words - 5 pages African lions is that they sense their prey from vibrations “They react mainly to vibrations caused by wings beating or by prey walking on the ground” (Vick, 2001). Many vertebrates and invertebrates have special feeding techniques to increase the likelihood of catching prey. Like other whales humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) filter feed and capture their prey by opening their huge mouths and taking in huge amounts of water. However

Describe and Discuss One or More Explanations of Divided Attention

1280 words - 5 pages Divided attention refers to the ability to divide ones attention between two or more tasks. The focused attention models explain how all our inputs are focused on one task at any one time, however it is clear from looking at everyday life that we are able to divide our attention, successfully being able to complete more than one task at the same time. There are two main explanations of divided attention, one is the modular theories and the one I

'Male Attitudes Are Central To The Story Of New Zealand's War Nurses'. Anna Rogers. Discuss.

3491 words - 14 pages 'Male Attitudes Are Central To The Story Of New Zealand's War Nurses',Anna Rogers. Discuss.Anna Rogers has argued that 'male attitudes are central to the story of New Zealand's war nurses, this however, is not completely accurate. Gendered attitudes, those composed of both male and female counterparts, have a more influential and greater role to play in the experiences of New Zealand's war nurses. Gender is inseparable from culture, and it is in

Childhood in literature Discuss with reference to either one object type, or a group of objects that constitute the material culture of children

2183 words - 9 pages There seems to be a fundamental epistemological difference between how we regard modern children and how we understand children in the past(Derevenski, JS, 2000)Discuss with reference to either one object type, or a group of objects that constitute the material culture of children.Conspicuous by their presence (or relative absence), and originating from hand as well as industrialised production, furniture and artefacts for children communicate

Similar Essays

Aggression Discuss The Three Psychological Approaches According To Freud, Skinner And Rogers(Psychodynamic, Behaviourist And Humanistic Theories)

1691 words - 7 pages not see aggression as inevitable or even an appropriate response, only as a possible response.Rogers' theory opposes Freud's in that aggression is inevitable. However, these two approaches are similar in that they both believe that aggression is a result of conflict in the mind - Rogers' sense of self and the ideal self are similar to Freud's ego and superego. However, Rogers argues that we are not doomed as Freud views it. Rogers, who was

Bicultural Education Describe The Historical Development Of One Issue Of Concern To Maori And Critically Examine The Events, Attitudes And Beliefs That Relate To This Issue. Discuss The Significance...

2041 words - 8 pages that the opportunities for development could be missed if they didn't.Interestingly Maori was the predominant language in New Zealand prior to the 1840's, according to, but the Native Schools Act in 1867 decreed only English should be spoken and not Te Reo, an Act that was later overly enforced. It was only through the urban migration over the 1940's that the decline of the language and the culture stats it's decline

Us. This Essay Will Describe Three Contributions Of Chinese In America: Two Products, Ginseng And Tea, And One Method Of Medicine, Acupuncture.

613 words - 2 pages THREE CONTRIBUTIONS OF CHINESE IMMIGRANTSThe Chinese started immigrating to the United States in 1849. They leftChina in search of a better life. Life in China in the 1800's was very hard. Therewasn't enough food, money and the cities were overpopulated. They heard aboutthe United States and believed there was an opportunity to start over again. Theyhoped to find jobs on the railroad or to strike gold. When they arrived in the UnitedStates, life

Describe And Discuss Two Possible Causes Of Schizophrenia (One Biological, One Psychological) Suggested By Psychologists, Making Reference To Empirical Evidence In Your Answer.

1488 words - 6 pages Describe and discuss two possible causes of schizophrenia (one biological, one psychological) suggested by psychologists, making reference to empirical evidence in your answer.Schizophrenia is probably the most serious mental illness recognized in the ICD (International Standard Classification of Diseases, Injures and Causes of Death). It is a disorder that causes the personality to lose its unity and occurs when thoughts and feelings become