This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Describe And Evaluate Contemporary Use Of Personality Measurement And Testing, Focusing On Issues Of Reliability And Validity, Using Empirical Evidence To Support Your Arguments.

2278 words - 9 pages

Describe and evaluate contemporary use of personality measurement and testing, focusing on issues of reliability and validity, using empirical evidence to support your arguments.Personality tests are widely used these days in both professional and informal settings. One may take a personality test online, for example; in order to determine how much like a film character they are, or they may take one in an employment process or clinical setting. This essay, however, will only be looking at formal tests. The tests have many uses, including recognizing psychological disorders or calculating future behaviour (Plotnik, 2002). It is important to note that personality tests are like any other instrument used to increase understanding of a topic and, like all instruments and methods, their use can cause both affirmative and undesirable results (Anastasi & Urbina, 1997). We will look at both projective and self-inventory tests and compare their methods in terms of their validity and reliability. There are many different personality tests available today but we are only concerned with the Rorschach Ink Blot test (henceforth referred to as the Rorschach), the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory - 2 (MMPI-2). Before the discussion of validity and reliability of the tests it is essential to comprehend just what personality is and to obtain an elementary outline of the three tests being discussed.Personality is interpreted as a mixture of a person's consistent behaviour, emotion and thought that illustrate the technique an individual exemplifies when responding to another individual or situation (Letzring, Wells & Funder, 2006). The specific reaction an individual presents is unique and affects their daily life in how they organise events, control emotions and make decisions. Eysenck (2004) outlines personality in a more thorough manner as he discusses it in terms of its stability, regularity throughout life, internalisation. It comes from within and is affected and changed by the individual, and its individuality to the person, as it differs between individuals in the same situations. The use of personality tests for psychologists, employers, and doctors to analyse a character and draw conclusions can be very useful, although what makes an accurate test of personality is a controversial topic, which will become evident as the essay progresses.Projective tests are one type of personality test and consist of ambiguous words or images that a participant must interpret. They derive from the psychoanalytic approach of psychology suggesting that personality is governed by unconscious urges and thoughts. These images cause the participant to project internal needs and wants onto the stimulus presented (Passer & Smith, 2008). Projective tests are believed to contact the deepest levels of personality structure therefore offering an impression of the individual as a whole and not simply one characteristic of...

Find Another Essay On Describe and evaluate contemporary use of personality measurement and testing, focusing on issues of reliability and validity, using empirical evidence to support your arguments.

Explore the significance of 'King Lear' for a contemporary audience. Use quotes and specific references to support your position

535 words - 2 pages is one that sees all individuals, innocent or not, are affected in strong and harmful ways which is the effect of the use of so much death. Such an interpretation of the play is only one of many more as other relevant issues are explored within the play demonstrating its importance as a text in today's society.The play's significance for a contemporary audience is of great value and is only emphasised by the fact that it was just as significant to

How standardisation, reliability and validity play a role in determining whether a test is a good measure of personality

2064 words - 8 pages Inventory-2 and the Thematic Apperception Test are examined in this report. In determining what test to use, psychologists examine the degree of standardisation, reliability and validity of the tests. There is much research that has established positive and negative schools of thought in relation to each of the personality tests and whilst most of the negative evidence purports minimal standardisation, reliability and validity further evidence suggests

Using the feedback provided as evidence critically evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of your presentation and reflect on how you can improve t

987 words - 4 pages Feedback is defined as “information in response to an inquiry, experiment, etc,” (Houghton, A. 2009). This means to be given information regarding the matter of what you are testing. Our experiment was how to present a presentation and using the feedback given to analyse where the strengths and weaknesses were. The feedback was made up of different categories and focused on how the group presented the presentation. On the feedback slip there

Using evidence to support professional practice and policy

932 words - 4 pages . This journal was within the database of pro quest. Searching within the journal on pro quest I used the specific terms of; care, another word for compassion. Dying, to ensure the seriously ill topic. Lastly, multi centre study, this would give a superior and wider evidence pool. I ordered by relevance and chose my second article specifically as the Liverpool Care Pathway (LCP) has been disbanded. The use of the LCP has been highly criticized in

Discuss and Evaluate the Arguments For and Against the Use of the Death Penalty.

3024 words - 12 pages Discuss and evaluate the arguments for and against the use of the death penalty.Capital punishment is "the infliction of death as punishment for certain crimes" (dictionary online). In the Bible itself it prescribes death for crimes such as murder, kidnapping, witchcraft and many more. By 1500, in England, only foremost felonies conceded the death penalty - murder, larceny, burglary, rape, arson and treason. However, from 1723 under the "Waltham

"Describe the concept of the Femme Fatale, using two found texts to support your argument."

546 words - 2 pages The revolution was led by the women of the 1920's who grew exasperated of being viewed as drab monotonous housewives. They became increasingly sexually defined, more forthright and dominant, and spawned the image of the femme fatale. It originates from the French "fatal woman" meaning one who utilises the malign power of her sexuality to ensnare men.Painted in 1530, Lucas Cranach's Salome epitomizes the figure of a femme fatale. Salome was once

Describe and evaluate one or more psychodynamic explanations of personality development

735 words - 3 pages evidence. This then shows on the whole that there is evidence that there are three different parts in the brain as there are different parts active at different times.The ego has a difficult time dealing with the conflict between the three parts of the personality and therefore it uses defence mechanisms to protect itself and reduce anxiety. Some of the main defence mechanisms are repression: this is were a painful thought is kept out of the conscious

Describe and discuss the social and emotional consequences for a child of being identified as gifted. Refer to evidence in your answer. (12 marks - 5/7 split)

1194 words - 5 pages longitudinal study 1925-1959. He studied and followed children with an IQ of 140+ throughout their lifetime and found that they were very successful in many aspects of their life. This means that his research does not support the view that gifted children will encounter emotional and social development problems.If you choose to agree with this research then there would be no (or very little) social and emotional consequences of a child being

Children learn best by observing the behavior of adults and copying it. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer

1727 words - 7 pages given area. Community is a cluster of proper living within a narrow territorial radius which shows a common way of life. Schools are mini society and the success depends on the relations with society. Commonly school is that school which develops the characteristics of community in the students and prepares them for the progress of the community. Schools are nearer to the community. As such the schools which are nearer to other schools, they

Describe the 5 SACE Capabilities and how you personify certain aspects of each, and then evaluate how you can improve your performance in each cap

859 words - 4 pages everyone should develop – a process of exchanging information by speaking, writing, or online communication which has advanced to a great extent in this era. A well-developed aspect of communication is that it enables people to share information, make requests and address issues, questions or solve affairs within one another. Personally, I think there is room for improvement in this capability as I am not very confident to communicate with an

Describe the art making practices of Imants Tillers. Discuss specific artworks to support your decision.

860 words - 3 pages Postmodernism Postmodernism Lucy Gardoll Describe the art making practices of Imants Tillers. Discuss specific artworks to support your decision. Imants Tiller is an Australian artist, curator and writer. He was born and lives in New South Wales and since the 1960s his art has been exhibited widely. Tiller's life experience, struggle and diversity have lead to artworks of great insight and meaning. His inspiration has

Similar Essays

Reliability And Validity Of Methods Used To Gather Evidence

1063 words - 5 pages information is credible and what is not is a time-consuming task. It is like synthesizing iron from the iron core, where steps involved in the synthesis play a very critical role. So what is a student to do in this age of information overload when confronted with doing research? How do they sift through the enormous amount of information? This paper will discuss what criteria should be considered when gathering evidence. There are numerous pieces that

"Organisations Use A Range Of Selection Methods To Fill Job Vacancies. Discuss These Methods And Critically Evaluate Their Reliability And Validity."

2204 words - 9 pages of the candidate's characteristics. The disadvantages are that the statistical methods used in the interpretation may confuse a manager that is not familiar with these academic techniques. Another issue is that this method looks more accurate than it actually is so managers may come to the wrong decision by relying on the test results.Validity and reliability of the selection methodsBefore we start to critically evaluate each selection method in

Describe And Discuss Two Possible Causes Of Schizophrenia (One Biological, One Psychological) Suggested By Psychologists, Making Reference To Empirical Evidence In Your Answer

1488 words - 6 pages Describe and discuss two possible causes of schizophrenia (one biological, one psychological) suggested by psychologists, making reference to empirical evidence in your answer.Schizophrenia is probably the most serious mental illness recognized in the ICD (International Standard Classification of Diseases, Injures and Causes of Death). It is a disorder that causes the personality to lose its unity and occurs when thoughts and feelings become

Describe And Evaluate The Political Ideology Of Contemporary Al Qaeda

3299 words - 13 pages 1. IntroductionThis essay aims to describe and evaluate the political ideology of contemporary al Qaeda. This will be achieved by providing a history of al Qaeda, as well as a brief explanation of the organizational structure of the group. There will be reference made to the goals and objectives of al Qaeda, and the names and positions of key figures within the group. The essay will then explain the concept of 'ideology' by providing a concise