Describe And Evaluate One Or More Psychodynamic Explanations Of Personality Development.

735 words - 3 pages

One of the key elements of Freud's theory of personality development is conflict, and to understand how these conflicts arise we first have to look at the structure of the personality. Freud believed that personality has three parts, known as the tripartite. Firstly the id, this contains innate sexual and aggressive instincts and is located in the unconscious mind. The id works in accordance with the pleasure principle, with the emphasis being on immediate satisfaction. Then the ego, this is the conscious, the rational mind and it is developed in the first two years of life. It works on the reality principle. It takes into account what is going on in reality and it acknowledges that acting impulsively can hurt us. Then finally the superego, this develops during the phallic stage and it is the child's conscience and sense of right and wrong. It is formed when the child adopts many of the values of the same sex parent. It is said that there is conflict between the three parts.Evidence into the tripartite personality is Solms, who used PET scans to provide support for the concept of the id and the ego. During REM sleep the rational part of the brain is inactive and Freud's theory would say that the ego does indeed become suspended while the id is active during dreaming. But the activation synthesis study disagrees with this evidence. This then shows on the whole that there is evidence that there are three different parts in the brain as there are different parts active at different times.The ego has a difficult time dealing with the conflict between the three parts of the personality and therefore it uses defence mechanisms to protect itself and reduce anxiety. Some of the main defence mechanisms are repression: this is were a painful thought is kept out of the conscious mind, to protect himself, it is also said to be the most powerful of the defence mechanisms. Displacement: this is were we unconsciously redirecting an emotion from the person who caused it onto a third party. Denial: there is were we simply deny the existence of something that is threatening.William's carried out research to prove that people do use defence...

Find Another Essay On Describe and evaluate one or more psychodynamic explanations of personality development.

Love-in-idleness: Topic assigned was describe one idea that Shakespeare used on more than one level in any one of his plays.

1029 words - 4 pages propagate.Love-in-idleness can mean an idle love, one that is fanciful and without depth like the medieval view of love as a sickness or disease. It also presents love as fickle and erratic when it pairs and re-pairs the lovers. This sort of love doesn't really have any deep emotional value and it doesn't last very long. Also it isn't the sort of love that helps bring about a new fertile society where "jack has jill, and naught goes ill." In a A

Bicultural Education Describe the historical development of one issue of concern to Maori and critically examine the events, attitudes and beliefs that relate to this issue. Discuss the significance...

2041 words - 8 pages government policies led to some Maori cutting ties with whanau and adopting the new customs and cultures of their new community.Maori, as a written language was a development from the missionaries in 1841 ( The website goes on to explain that prior to this the handing down of culture, customs and knowledge was done orally, from one generation to the next. "Selected individuals were…trained to be careful and adept crafters of

"One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich" by Alexander Solzhenitsyn - shows how various literary techniques are used to describe the development of Ivan's character.

662 words - 3 pages In "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich," Alexander Solzhenitsyn clearly develops Ivan's character and his submission to the ten-year sentence that he faces. In an excerpt describing the zeks work preparation, Solzhenitsyn uses diction, detail, and point of view to develop Ivan's attitude of forced acceptance.Throughout the excerpt Solzhenitsyn uses diction to further illustrate Ivan's perception of his surroundings. Solzhenitsyn first

Instead of small-scale of tourism, we need to develop more large resorts. Critically evaluate this assertion, focusing upon the role of tourism in economic development in your answer.

1330 words - 5 pages view, by analysing the role of government in tourism management, the economic advantage of large tourism resource development and the multiple effects of tourism, to evaluate the significance of developing tourism with large resorts.2 GOVERNMENT PARTICIPATION IN TOURISM DEVELOPMENTOne of the most vital differences between large and small-scale tourism is the extent of government participation in tourism management and planning. The economic role

Describe and evaluate research into attachment and/or sociability in the first few years of life

1879 words - 8 pages infant now reacts negatively when a familiar caregiver fails to pay them attention or leaves them - believed to be a sign that and attachment has been formed.In the sixth and final stage occurring at 12 to 36 months the infant shows a reduction in sociability towards one or a few specific care-givers (such as clinging and following them) and now begins to act much more sociably towards others seeking out the attention of strangers and peers. In

Describe and discuss TWO contributions of either Freud or Rogers to the development of Psychology.

1330 words - 5 pages Describe and discuss TWO contributions of eitherFreud or Rogers to the development of Psychology.Freud's work is described as psychoanalysis; it is the theory of personality, personality development including child development, moral development, defence mechanisms and theory of dreams. In this essay we will look at the psychosexual stages primarily the phallic stage. We will also look at Freud's theories on the structure of personality.Freud

Attraction: Describe and evaluate two psychological theories of interpersonal attraction.

1742 words - 7 pages carried out by Felipe and Sommer (1966), which however would now be considered as highly unethical method of research as all the participants were not aware of the research that they were taking part in.Familiarity is closely linked to proximity, in that the more we see someone the more likely we are to form a relationship with them. This was supported by research carried out by Zajonc (1968) who concluded that exposure or contact is enough to

Describe and Evaluate the political ideology of contemporary al-Qaeda.

3299 words - 13 pages 1. IntroductionThis essay aims to describe and evaluate the political ideology of contemporary al Qaeda. This will be achieved by providing a history of al Qaeda, as well as a brief explanation of the organizational structure of the group. There will be reference made to the goals and objectives of al Qaeda, and the names and positions of key figures within the group. The essay will then explain the concept of 'ideology' by providing a concise

Psychological Explanations of One Anxiety Disorder

1092 words - 4 pages Psychological Explanations of One Anxiety Disorder Phobias are an example of an anxiety disorder and the psychological explanations of these are cognitive, psychodynamic, behavioral and social factors. The Behavioral, Psychodynamic and social factors of the psychological explanation will be discussed in greater detail. Behavioral explanations say that all behaviour is learnt whether it is normal or abnormal and this

'Selecting one of either herbivory or carnivory, describe the similarities and differences in the feeding strategies of vertebrates compared with ...

1030 words - 5 pages cooperatively “One blows bubbles around the herring school to keep the fish from escaping, others vocalise to scare or confuse, and others herd the fish and help ring them to the surface”.( national geographic, 2004). Unlike the African lion and humpback whale the Wolf spider and Ant lion work independently. This could be because their hunting styles are also not suited for cooperative hunting and it is easier for them to hunt alone. Another difference of

Describe and critically evaluate the psychoanalytical approach

1176 words - 5 pages slips of the tongue or actions. He conducted a series of in-depth studies of adult neurotic, which enabled him to devise his theory of human personality, a theory of psychosexual development and an explanation of the causes and treatment of neuroses.Freud was interested in neurotic mental illness and developed his own technique: free association, which became one of the fundamental tools of psychoanalysis. Freud's patients had to describe whatever

Similar Essays

Describe And Discuss One Or More Explanations Of Divided Attention

1280 words - 5 pages Divided attention refers to the ability to divide ones attention between two or more tasks. The focused attention models explain how all our inputs are focused on one task at any one time, however it is clear from looking at everyday life that we are able to divide our attention, successfully being able to complete more than one task at the same time. There are two main explanations of divided attention, one is the modular theories and the one I

Explanations Of Personality Development Essay

983 words - 4 pages Explanations of Personality Development According to Sigmund Freud, what we do and why we do it, who we are and how we became this way are all related to our sexual drive. Differences in personalities originate in differences in childhood sexual experiences. In the Freudian psychoanalytical model, child personality development is discussed in terms of "psychosexual stages". In his "Three Essays on Sexuality" (1915

Explain The Biological Explanations Of One Of More Eating Disorders.

1518 words - 6 pages disorders and the effects of genetic factors in their development. Some studies have also highlighted the possibility of a genetic predisposition to eating disorders stating that personality characteristics may be the cause, this kind of proposition is not well supported though as it is a controversial suggestion assuming that personality may be genetically controlled.The most reliable studies are twin studies such as Holland et al (1988)'s which was

Describe And Evaluate Contemporary Use Of Personality Measurement And Testing, Focusing On Issues Of Reliability And Validity, Using Empirical Evidence To Support Your Arguments.

2278 words - 9 pages Describe and evaluate contemporary use of personality measurement and testing, focusing on issues of reliability and validity, using empirical evidence to support your arguments.Personality tests are widely used these days in both professional and informal settings. One may take a personality test online, for example; in order to determine how much like a film character they are, or they may take one in an employment process or clinical setting