Describe And Comment On The Philosophy Of Buddhism

1176 words - 5 pages

Buddhism is the fourth largest religion in the world. It is a path of practice and spiritual development that leads into the insight of the true nature of life; a path which eventually ends in enlightenment or Buddha hood. Buddhism includes the teachings of Buddha, and wants to end suffering that is caused by desire. It is taught that suffering comes to an end when the desire comes to an end. During this time enlightenment takes place and provides a new found conduct, wisdom, and meditation that is also known as a, "rebirth."Buddhism was originally founded in Northeastern part of India , by a man named Buddha Shakyamuni; "Buddha" meaning 'Enlightened One' or 'Awakened One'. The Buddha never claimed any divine status for himself, nor was he a god. He was a flesh-and-blood human being. Buddha was a royal prince whose birth is unknown, but is thought to be born around c. 500 BC. He was born in Lumbini, or present day Nepal . The Buddha lived in luxury and was spared from all hardships of life. While living as the prince in his palace he began to grow restless and curious about what was outside of the palace walls. So he gave up family and privilege to become a wondering ascetic. He set off beyond the palace walls and after six years of self-deprivation, Buddha Shakyamuni turned to a "Middle Path" of moderation (Bulliet 184). His first experience of enlightenment took place underneath the Bodhi Tree in Bodh Gaya , India ; where he gained knowledge the true nature of reality.The Buddha was known for rejecting many of the philosophies of the Hindu beliefs. Buddha didn't believe in the Caste System of the Hindu's; nor did he accept the three-in-one God known as, "Brahman.". Buddha challenged many of the Vedic Scriptures. He thought that all individuals have the right to believe in what they want, rather than having to follow the path of faith that is laid down for them by their families. And the Buddha encouraged people of all different backgrounds to practice his belief system.The new profound insight into the true nature of reality, that the Buddha gained, he set forth as "The Four Truths." The first truth is said to be that "Dukkha," or life is suffering. Each and every person is going to feel pain and go through suffering that is just a part of life in which we cannot escape. The followers of Buddhism felt as though human life was full of this suffering from the time one is born to the day of ones death. Buddhism dealt with this suffering, by helping one cope with the everyday challenges of life. The second Noble Truth "Samudaya," suffering arises from desire. This deals with the unhappiness of life, the aspects in our lives that bring us down to an unsatisfactory level. Buddhist teaches that life is unsatisfactory because of "Avija" and "Tanha, and that the answer can be found within us. "Tanha," which means cravings, is said to be the reason human beings often live their lives wanting to be something they're not. Desires and egos are two of the...

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