As recently as a decade ago, many peoples,companies or organizations viewed ethics,social responsibility,business ethics only in terms of administrative compliance with legal standards and adherence to internal rules and regulations. Today the situation is different. Attention to them is on the rise across the world and many companies or organizations realize that in order to succeed, they must earn the respect and confidence of their customers. Like never before, corporatons are being asked, encouraged and prodded to improve their business practices to emphasize legal and ethical behavior. Companies, professional firms and individuals alike are being held increasingly accountable for their actions, as demand grows for higher standards of corporate social responsibility. This essay will define about ethics,social responsibiliy and show how it is going on and how it is importance to manager and global business.
So `Ethics' or `morality'; some people distinguish between ethics and morality: ethics is a standard of conduct for a particular group; morality is a more general standard) is one of those words in our language that we use every day but we find notoriously hard to define. Webster's Dictionary defines ethics as "1. the study of standards of conduct and moral judgment; 2. the system of morals of a particular person, religion, group, etc..." This definition distinguishes between the study of ethics (otherwise known as moral philosophy) and the subject of that study, i.e. standards of conduct.(www.ethicsinaction.com,retrieved:25/06/06)
In our daily lives, certain words carry the same meaning across all social, economic, racial and spiritual boundaries. We know a dog or cat when we see one, and we know what a spoon is and how to use it. These are words for physical items.
But then there are words that carry individual definitions developed by life experiences. "Ethics" and its companion, "morals," are example of these types of words. The dictionary definitions are ambiguous at best, stating that ethics are a set of values defining right from wrong. The dictionaries further define ethics as a guide to decisions relating to moral duty and obligations.
But even under such strict criteria, ethical behavior is not black or white, right or wrong. Examples of this are shown daily as society struggles with issues pertaining to abortion, religious tolerance, homosexuality, and population growth. Then there are the technology driven issues of cloning, gene therapy and manipulation, and nuclear energy.
Social responsibility is a doctrine that claims that an entity whether it is state, government, corporation, organization or individual has a responsibility to society. This responsibility can be "negative," in that it is a responsibility to refrain from acting, or it can be "positive," meaning a responsibility to act.(www.bitc.org.uk, retrieved:26/06/06)
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