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Describe How Jews Were Discriminated Against In Germany From 1933 To 1939.

1087 words - 4 pages

Once Adolf Hitler had gained complete power of Germany as a dictator in March 1933, he set up policies to bring the country's people 'into line'. His desire to do this was fuelled by the belief that the German people were a superior race above all others, called the Aryans. He also believed that, in order to prosper, Germany needed to be 'purified' by setting the Aryans apart from such inferior races as the Jewish community.As soon as he came into power, Hitler persuaded President Hindenburg of the Reich government, to issue decrees to suspend all given civil liberties of the German people and politicians. The Enabling Act that followed in March allowed Hitler and the Nazis to establish policies in order to 'cleanse' Germany of the Jews as they did not need to seek approval from the Reich. He was not greatly opposed in the beginning because there was already a proportion of anti-Semitic feeling within Germany and elsewhere. Although there were only a few Jewish officials who signed the Treaty of Versailles, the 'weakening' of Germany was seen as a Jewish plot. The economic crises during the years of the Weimar Republic were also blamed on the Jews without justification. Hitler did not create anti-Semitism, but he did encourage and use it to manipulate the German people saying the Jewish people were 'inferior and dangerous' to German society. He believed that eradicating the Jewish race from Germany would help it become a great empire again, which convinced people that the Jews were a problem.The first official incident of anti-Semitism came on 1st April 1933 a month after Hitler became dictator, people were ordered to boycott all Jewish shops and professions for a day. This was the foremost of many boycotts until eventually anyone seen entering a Jewish establishment would be beaten and sent to prison for 'allying' with the Jews and being explicitly against Germany. On 7th April, a law was made that expelled any Jew from working in the government and other similar laws were made later in 1934. Admissions to universities were drastically restricted. They were banned from using park benches, public swimming pools or owning cars. Valuable property was forcefully taken. Hitler did this because he wanted to crush any authority the Jews had in the country and in doing so, push them to emigrate. He made sure of this in September 1935 with the introduction of the Nuremberg Racial Laws. These stated that Jews were no longer citizens of Germany and that any form of relationship between Jews and Aryans was illegal. This would help to produce a 'pure' race of Germans excluding any other remnant of lesser blood. The government gave loans to Aryan people who married and extra support when the couple had children. These unopposed actions encouraged him to initiate more discriminatory laws against the lesser races of Germany. This included banning Jewish or part-Jewish athletes from using sports facilities or taking part in competitive events.People's dislike of...

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