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Describe How The Federal And State Systems Of Government Differ In Regards To Employment Laws. Provide One Example Of A Protection That Is Provided By The State System, But Not The Federal.

1165 words - 5 pages

In the United States of America there is not a single U.S. court system. Every State located in the U.S. has their own individual court system to handle the criminal and civil cases that are brought to court within the state. Outside of the State court systems there is the federal government court system. This court system is designed to hear and judge cases that involve issues governed by the federal laws and/or the U.S. Constitution. The employment laws for both the state and federal court systems are very different. This paper I will emphasize on how the state and federal court systems of the government are different in their relation to employment law. I will also provide an example of employment protection that is provided by the state of California's court, but not the federal court.Many states have human rights acts that include in their protections the prohibitions against discrimination based on marital status or affinity orientation. The statutes generally establish a state human rights commission, which hears claims brought under the state act. There are many different ways in which the state and federal courts systems differ. Here is one example on how they are similar: Federal, State and Local employees are protected in their right of privacy from governmental intrusion and access. The Constitution protects individuals from wrongful invasions by the state or by any entity acting on behalf of the government. The Privacy Act of 1974 also restricts governmental intrusion into the lives of federal employees. The jurisdiction of the federal courts is defined as extending in law and equity to all cases arising under the Constitution and federal legislation. All 50 states located within the U.S. have their own judicial branch with an additional branch located in the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. The courts located at the state level handle 95% of cases brought to court in the United States. These cases must involve disputes that happened under state laws. Courts are organized differently based on state to state. Some states may have as many as 50 different types of courts located within their state.The federal court system only handles approximately five percent of the court cases in the United States. Most cases brought before the federal court involve a violation of the United States Constitution, federal laws, or disputes over contracts or personal injuries involving U.S. citizens from different states and damages that exceed more than $75,000.Federal and state court systems have two different types of courts: appellate courts and trial courts. The difference between the two is that trial courts hear the original court cases, and the appellate courts hear only hear the appeals of cases. There is also a more specialized court with nationwide jurisdiction known as the court of appeals for the federal circuit. The federal district court and the court of appeals of the District of Columbia perform functions discharged in the states...

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