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• Describe The Main Characteristics Of Sa Climates (Seasonal Variations In Terms Of Temperature, Insolation, Precipitation, Humidity, Diurnal Rang...

1017 words - 5 pages

• Describe the main characteristics of SA climates (seasonal variations in terms of temperature, insolation, precipitation, humidity, diurnal ranges).
In South Africa, the mid-summer set in January, and the mid-winter set in July. The transitional seasons of spring and autumn were short in South Africa. According to the enormous land size, the climate and the land can be a lot differ.
“Of the land area, 0.6% has a tropical wet and dry/ savanna climate (Aw), 37% has a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 28.1% has a arid/ desert climate (BW), 17.5% has a temperate/ mesothermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Cf), 1.9% has a temperate/ mesothermal climate with dry summers (Cs), 15% has a temperate/ mesothermal climate with dry winters (Cw). “

Lat Long Alt m(ft) Climate Biome Av Temp Precip
Pietersburg
23°52'S
29°27'E 1226 (4022) Subtropical dry forest 362 (14)

Pretoria
25°45'S
28°11'E 1308 (4291) Subtropical steppe Subtropical dry forest 17
517 (20)

Johannesburg
26°8'S
28°14'E 1694 (5558) Subtropical steppe Warm temperate dry forest 16
543 (21)

Upington
28°25'S
21°16'E 835 (2740) Subtropical desert scrub 163 (6)

Kimberley
28°48'S
24°48'E 1196 (3924) Subtropical steppe Subtropical thorn woodland 19
350 (14)

Bloemfontein
29°6'S
26°18'E 1353 (4439) Warm temperate dry forest 469 (18)

Durban
29°58'S
30°57'E 8 (26) Humid subtropical Subtropical dry forest 20
828 (33)

Cape Town
33°58'S
18°36'E 42 (138) Mediterranean Warm temperate dry forest 17
475 (19)

Port Elizabeth
33°59'S
25°37'E 63 (207) Marine west coast Subtropical thorn woodland 17
526 (21)

Weather Averages for Cape Town, South Africa Climate. 2014. Weather Averages for Cape Town, South Africa Climate. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.cape-town.climatemps.com/. [Accessed 18 February 2014].

Pretoria situated on the north of South Africa(25°44'S, 28°11'E), its has a “low-latitude semi-arid “ climate that is warm through all year. According to the bioclimatic Pretoria is considered as subtropical dry forest biome.

From the research below shows:
• The seasonal variation of temp. change from 19-27 degree Celsius.
• The total annual precipitation were 517 mm
• The annual sunshine = 3254 hours.

Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Annual
Average Max Temperature °C ( °F)
19 (66) 22 (72) 25 (77) 27 (81) 27 (81) 28 (82) 27 (81) 27 (81) 26 (79) 24 (75) 21 (70) 19 (66) 24 (76)
Average Min Temperature °C ( °F)
3 (37) 6 (43) 9 (48) 13 (55) 14 (57) 15 (59) 16 (61) 16 (61) 14 (57) 10 (50) 5 (41) 3 (37) 10 (51)

Average Precipitation mm (in)
3 (0) 5 (0) 20 (1) 7 (0) 10 (0) 108 (4) 135 (5) 76 (3) 79 (3) 54 (2) 13 (1) 7 (0) 517 (20)...

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