Describe The Ontological Argument With Reactions And Contributions Made To It By Individual Philosophers

1109 words - 4 pages

The ontological argument is concerned with being it is an a priori argument for the existence of God. That is, it is not dependent on experience but is an argument where all knowledge is derived from the mind. It is also a type of argument that follows reason and not ones senses. The ontological argument is based on words and their meanings. Anselm (1033-1109), was the first philosopher to put forward the ontological argument in a logical form. He was an Italian monk who later became Archbishop of Canterbury. He was a Christian and felt there was a need to put forward an argument to prove the existence of God. His ideas and arguments are proposed in his book The Proslogian.Anselm´s approach starts by his presentation of a definition of God, "that than which nothing greater can be conceived". This idea of God presents Him as absolutely perfect, a being that cannot be superior in greatness. That is the greatest conceivable being and so He can be thought of. If this statement has been accepted then the next would be "it is greater to exist in reality rather than in just the mind". As it has been agreed that God is the 'greatest conceivable being´ He must exist in reality. Reality is better than thought and as God is "that than which nothing greater can be conceived"; there cannot be a being in existence that is greater than he. Therefore, God necessarily exists in reality.By God's existence being necessary in reality Anselm is referring to a necessary truth that is something that cannot be in any other way. For example a triangle has three sides. If it didn't have three sides it would not be a triangle as the word triangle means three angles. If there are three angles than there must be three sides in order for it to exist and therefore there cannot be another way of forming a triangle without three sides. It can only be as the statement suggestsSo far this suggests that for God to be God he must simply exist. Anselm then goes onto demonstrates that God's existence is necessary, That is to suggest that there is no possibility of him not existing and is independent of any cause. Anselm suggests that to do this we need to know more than in simply exists inside and outside our minds. Anselm claims that we already know this.Gaunilo, a fellow monk and contemporary to Anselm wrote in response to Anselm´s argument. That he didn't like the way that Anselm argued for the existence of God even though he believed in God himself. Gaunilo creates the image of the 'most perfect island´, that is the thought of the ideal island untouched by man. He criticises the condition that Anselm places on the existence of God that he exists because he is perfect. Gaunilo says that if a man said that his 'most perfect island´ existed because of it's perfection then you would be a fool to believe him. He says that there is no logical link between the thought of the island and it actually existing.As Gaunilo criticised Anslem, Kant criticised...

Find Another Essay On Describe the ontological argument with reactions and contributions made to it by individual philosophers

Contributions Made by the Romans to Western Civilization

1630 words - 7 pages The ancient Romans had many contributions that were important to the western civilization. Some of their contributions include the aqueducts, public baths, markets, and juries. The Romans were also the greatest builders of the ancient western world. They created a legacy that proved to be as dominant as it was long lasting and many roman principles are embodied in their modern instructions. The Romans made varies of contributions to the Western

strengths and weaknesses of the ontological argument

983 words - 4 pages The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God The cosmological argument seeks to prove the existence of God by looking at the universe. It is an A posteriori proof based on experience and the observation of the world not

The Ontological Argument

1593 words - 6 pages believer. Anselm’s second form of the argument seems has kept philosophers interested and fascinated with it throughout time. The very fact that philosophers such as Descartes, Kant, Malcolm have been intrigued by the ontological argument strongly shows that it is a very important and complex argument which is in favour of the existence of God. Although a final and ultimate answer to the question of God’s existence has yet to be attained, it is still considered to be a remarkable argument.

Exploring the Ontological Argument

2212 words - 9 pages coherence (Oppy, 2012, para. 4). Descartes revision just goes to show that certain objections only apply to certain arguments, and not to others. One objection cannot take down the whole of the ontological argument. Conclusion The ontological argument, though beaten and attacked, has stood the test of time. It has never been fully shot down, and that is part of why it fascinates philosophers so much. Even with its flaws, the ontological argument

The Ontological Argument

3667 words - 15 pages Outline and discuss the various forms of the Ontological Argument The Ontological Argument. Ontology is the branch of metaphysics dealing with the nature of being. "˜Onto' means "˜being', the ontological argument is an a priori argument. And ontological argument for God's existence is an attempt to prove rationally that God exists, without referring to Scriptures or otherwise. It differs from other arguments of that kind by taking as

The Ontological Argument

1442 words - 6 pages slightly different take on the Ontological Argument, but I believe a valid, closely related one.   Anselm defines God as "that than which nothing greater can be conceived." This is a definition that most people can agree with, and I believe that this is why Anselm chose it. The big argument that arises now is, "what is meant by greatness?" Most people would agree with Rowe's statement that Anselm is not talking about size when he speaks of

Strengths and Weaknesses of the Ontological Argument - A Level - Information

1525 words - 7 pages , then, according to Gaunilo, the argument for the existence of the perfect island works too. The two arguments have the same logical form, and thus they will stand or fall together. St Thomas Aquinas also saw faults within the Ontological Argument. Although he believed God’s existence to be self-evident, he rebuffed the notion that it could be understood merely from the claims of the concept of God. His main issue with the argument was that many

Critique of the Ontological Argument

926 words - 4 pages either: 1) choose to tell the truth and bear the consequences that are outside their control or 2) not say anything, but dissolve the friendships with both husband B and wife C because of a lack of mutual dishonesty. I believe most people would discard choice number 2. I also believe that many people would find it very difficult to choose option number 1. Nevertheless, we must keep in mind that sometimes certain choices have to be made, not for

Analyze and Discuss St. Anselm’s Ontological Argument

1235 words - 5 pages Many theologies take/ give the existence of God a lot of importance due to their beliefs, and faith. However, some philosophers and theologians thought it is important that to demonstrate the existence of God to those who says that there is no God. The St. Anselm’s ontological Argument is a priori argument for the Existence of God. Anselm’s Ontological Argument had been known as the first Ontological Argument which had been proposed in 1078 by

What Contributions have Migrants Made to the Economic, Social and Cultural Development of Australia?

1122 words - 4 pages Migrants have made many contributions to the economic, social and cultural development of Australia. From the government projects such as the snowy mountains scheme to the establishment of the publicly paid television channel SBS; migrants have been one of the main reasons as to why our country's economy has increased immensely. Migrants have developed Australia's society by giving it a good image, educating people and being in the media. Also

Describe and discuss TWO contributions of either Freud or Rogers to the development of Psychology

1330 words - 5 pages Describe and discuss TWO contributions of eitherFreud or Rogers to the development of Psychology.Freud's work is described as psychoanalysis; it is the theory of personality, personality development including child development, moral development, defence mechanisms and theory of dreams. In this essay we will look at the psychosexual stages primarily the phallic stage. We will also look at Freud's theories on the structure of personality.Freud

Similar Essays

Anselms Ontological Argument And The Philosophers

1838 words - 7 pages like Socrates' procedure with, say, Crito.      Later philosophers have both accepted and denied the validity of Anselm's famous ontological argument for the existence of God, presented in both the Proslogium and Monologium. Anselm did not first approach the argument with an open mind, then examine its components with a critical eye to see which side was best. Anselm had made up his mind about the issue long before he began

"The Ontological Argument": Explain The Traditional Forms Of The Ontological Argument Put Forward By Anselm And Descartes

1584 words - 6 pages a) Explain the traditional forms of the ontological argument put forward by Anselm and Descartes. (33 marks)The ontological argument is a deductive a priori argument that attempts to prove God's existence from logical reasoning. The first and best known ontological argument was proposed by St Anselm (Archbishop of Canterbury) in his writings 'Proslogion', however since then variations have been developed by other philosophers such as Rene

The Ontological Argument Presented By Descartes And The Cosmological Argument Presented By Aquinas

1455 words - 6 pages must be existence. God is the most perfect and flawless being, hence, he must exist. Similar to the ontological argument, the cosmological argument, also known as the first cause argument, is a classical argument for the existence of God. However, unlike the ontological argument, it derives the conclusion that God exists from a posterior premise (with evidence), as it is based on what can be seen in the world and the

Contributions To Western Civilization Made By Ancient Greece And Rome

2072 words - 8 pages an aggregate, a binding agent, and water” (Yegul). It is because of architectural developments like this that the ancient Romans were able to construct architectural monuments such as the Colosseum, the Pont du Gard Aqueduct, and the Pantheon. These contributions made by Roman architects still have a profound effect on architecture today. The ancient Greeks and Romans also made a variety of contributions in the area of the fine arts. The