About 1.1% of people in the world have schizophrenia, which equals to about 51 million, regardless of the racial, ethnic, or even economic background. In America alone there are about 2.2 million people that are suffering with schizophrenia. To put this into perspective for every 1,000 people about 7.2 people have schizophrenia. Around one-third to one-half of the homeless have schizophrenia. Within a year, about 100,000 people will be diagnosed with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is more common than AIDS, cot death, and melanoma combined. A vast majority of people with schizophrenia are diagnosed between the ages of 15 to 35. Approximately 5-10% of people diagnosed will commit suicide. Schizophrenia affects both males and females; however, the onset will often occur earlier in men than women and slightly more men are affected. About one fourth of people will only have a couple of episodes then they will fully recover. The next 50% will end up on medication but their personal life won’t be affected greatly. The last quarter will have more of a persistent form of the illness which will make it hard to find medication that will work efficiently and they will be hospitalized over and over again. Over 50% of people with schizophrenia are not receiving appropriate care. 90% of the people that aren’t receiving quality care are in developing countries.
Schizophrenia by definition in DSM 5 is a mental disorder that makes it hard to tell the difference between what is real and what is not real, clearly think, have emotional responses that are normal, and to act normally in any social situations. There are many sub categories of schizophrenia like: catatonic, paranoid, disorganized, undifferentiated, and residual. However, I am simply studying catatonic, the definition, causes, symptoms, prevention, treatment, and complications.
Catatonic schizophrenia is when a person will lose touch with reality. This can happen in two ways that are contradictory a person can either be very hyperactive or the person may be more like a wax figure. These episodes, without treatment, can last for a week or more. Today, catatonic schizophrenia is much less common because treatment has improved immensely.
The causes of catatonic schizophrenia are factors from both nature and nurture. Sigmund Freud believed it was derived from childhood trauma, but he believed everything was a derivative of childhood trauma. Catatonia is more often than not associated with other health issues. Catatonia may derive from mood disorders, like depression or bipolar disorder, also from medical conditions that affect the central nervous system. Another cause is underlying problems is the brain, like neurotransmitters. PET scans, CAT scans, MRI’s and fMRI’s show that there are differences between brains with schizophrenia and brains without; however, the difference is ambiguous.
This leads into the symptoms of catatonic schizophrenia. Common symptoms are as follows: physical immobility or...