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Description Of Modern Theory Of Social Policy

1506 words - 6 pages

Social PolicyThe name 'social policy' is used to apply1. to the policies which governments use for welfare and social protection2. to the ways in which welfare is developed in a society, and3. to the academic study of the subject.In the first sense, social policy is particularly concerned with social services and the welfare state. In the second, broader sense, it stands for a range of issues extending far beyond the actions of government - the means by which welfare is promoted, and the social and economic conditions, which shape the development of welfare.Social Policy and AdministrationSocial Policy and Administration is an academic subject concerned with the study of social services and the welfare state. It developed in the early part of the 20th century as a complement to social work studies, aimed at people who would be professionally involved in the administration of welfare. In the course of the last forty years, the range and breadth of the subject has developed. The principal areas relate to"h policy and administrative practice in social services, including health administration, social security, education, employment services, community care and housing management;"h social problems, including crime, disability, unemployment, mental health, learning disability, and old age;"h issues relating to social disadvantage, including race, gender and poverty; and"h the range of collective social responses to these conditions.Social Policy is a subject area, not a discipline; it borrows from other social science disciplines in order to develop study in the area. The contributory disciplines include sociology, social work, psychology, economics, political science, management, history, philosophy and law.WelfareWelfare is an ambiguous term, used in three main senses:"h Welfare commonly refers to 'well-being'. In welfare economics, welfare is understood in terms of 'utility'; people's well being or interests consist of the things they choose to have."h Welfare also refers to the range of services which are provided to protect people in a number of conditions, including childhood, sickness and old age. The idea of the 'welfare state' is an example. This is equivalent to the term 'social protection' in the European Union."h In Ireland there exists a core of policy makers1. Members of Government, the Dail and the Seanad2. Interest groups who are organisations of movements, permanent or transient. Such an organisation is the National Economic and Social Council, which consists of employers, trade unions, farmers and senior civil servants who analyse policy issues.3. Social Partnership has also tended to influence social policy formation in Ireland recently; with over a decade of national agreements, creating and maintaining the environment for pay restraint and economic well being.Welfare is often associated with needs, but it goes beyond what people need, to achieve well being, people must have choices, and the scope to choose personal goals and...

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