Description Of The Different Management Theories Bureaucratic,Bounded Rationality, Economical, Motivational, And Action Models

1659 words - 7 pages

The Bureaucratic ModelThe bureaucratic model is the basis for the other models it is in the structural frame. Max Weber developed a list of five characteristics that reflect the "ideal type" of bureaucracy. The first characteristic is Division of Labor. Within the bureaucracy there are different specific positions that perform specific jobs. This way the people that do their job can concentrate on their specific task and become skilled in it creating high efficiency for the organization. The second characteristic is Hierarchy of Authority. Bureaucracies have what is called hierarchy in which the different positions that are in the group have a higher authority. The third characteristic is Written Rules and Regulations. This is an important factor within the bureaucracies. This controls and regulates the performances within the organization to what is expected. The fourth characteristic is Impersonality. Employees are treated without personal consideration in order that each person gets equal treatment. The fifth characteristic is Employment Based on Technical Qualifications. The hiring of employees is based on qualifications rather than reasons of favoritism. In this way organizations have employees with the skills required within the groups. The bureaucratic theory of management believes that people are merely parts of a machine, everyone has their own role to play much like a gear in a machine, if either that part, or gear are not operating correctly the organization, or machine will not run properly and be ineffective.A person holding this model as their belief of the way an organization should be run will disagree with Michael Lipsky in his article "Street Level Bureaucrats as Policy Makers". A bureaucratic theorist would cringe at the idea that subordinates can use their own discretions in carrying out their jobs. They believe that people need to be supervised and that there should be a uniform way of dealing with situations. The situations that street level bureaucrats encounter are not conducive to that idea. For example policemen cannot arrest everyone that commits an infraction and judges cannot always hand down the maximum sentences to every lawbreaker.A bureaucratic theorist would feel that Lipsky has not given enough attention to the fact that the written rules and regulations are not enforced, because without enforcing rules the way they are written, order can not be achieved. They believe that there are rules for a reason and breaking them only causes a kink in the functioning of the machine.The way the bureaucratic theorist would handle the problem of judicial discretion would be to implement uniform sentencing, even though that would cause overcrowding the objective of the judicial system is to punish those individuals that commit crimes and having them incarcerated would accomplish this objective.Bounded RationalityThis model also from the structural frame is similar to the bureaucratic model. Herbert Simon's theory that...

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