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Description Of The Monotheistic Religions Of Judaism, Christianity, And Islam

1905 words - 8 pages

IntroductionThis reseach paper will describe the monotheistic religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Each religion is subdivided into the following sections: Places of origin, Historical figures and events, Central beliefs, Nature of God, Sacred Texts, Ritual and practices, and Ethics and Morality. The research will conclude with a summary of similarities between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.JudaismJudaism is the religion of the Jewish people. It is one of the first monotheistic faiths and one of the oldest religious traditions still practiced today. The tenets and history of Judaism are the major part of the foundation of other Abrahamic Religions, including Christianity and ...view middle of the document...

According to the book of Exodus, after plagues of Egypt disasters, executed against Egypt by Yehweh, in order to convince the Pharaoh to let the Hebrews go. Abram and Sarai left Egypt.The name Abraham was given to Abram (and the name Sarah to Sarai) at the same time as the covenant of circumcision.IsaacIsaac was the son of Abraham and the father of Jacob and Esau. The name Isaac means, "He will laugh" and was named because when his mother Sarah, overheard that she would bear a child in her old age, she laughed.He was the subject of Abraham's final test in which God ordered Isaac to be sacrificed in a burnt offering (the Akeidah, or binding). At the last moment God sent an angel to stop the sacrifice.At forty years of age, Isaac married Rebekah (Rivka) who bore him fraternal twins Jacob (Ya'akov) and Esau. After the death and burial of his father Abraham, Isaac and Rebekah took up their residence at Beer-lahai-roi, where their twin sons, Esau and Jacob, were born.EsauEsau is the son of Isaac and Rebekah and the older twin brother of Jacob, who was tricked by Jacob into giving up his birthright and therefore the leadership of Israel.According to all Midrashim, Esau is a very significant character in world history. Inasmuch as Jacob is considered to be the progenitor of the Children of Israel, it is Esau who is regarded as the forefather of Rome and the Roman Empire. The struggle between the Roman Empire and the Jews stemming from the land of Judah alternated, according to history, between cooperation and outright hate and warfare. The argument is proposed that Esau was born with red coloring in his hair and body, and the ancient rabbis have connected this with the red banner and standard favored by Rome's legions.JacobJacob is after his father Isaac and grandfather Abraham the third patriarch. Jacob experienced many personal struggles, including the hatred of his brother Esau, the death of his wife Rachel, the sale of his son Joseph, and the deception of his father-in-law Laban. Therefore, the Jews interpret many elements of his story as being symbolic of the future difficulties and struggles the Jewish people would undergo, which continues to the present day.Jacob was born 20 years after Isaac and Rebekah were married, at which time his father, Isaac, was 60, and grandfather, Abraham, 160 years old. He and his twin brother, Esau, were markedly different in appearance and behavior. Esau was a ruddy hunter, while Jacob was a gentle man. During Rebekah's pregnancy, "the children struggled together within her" (Genesis 25:22). Esau and Jacob would always be in competition, and eventually, the elder would serve the younger. Esau was born first. Right behind was his brother Jacob, who was grasping onto Esau's heel. Thus he was named Yaakov, trying to hold Esau back from being the firstborn and claiming the birthright.Jacob had twelve sons by his four wives. Jacob's first wife Leah gave birth to Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun. His...

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