Description Of Two Psychological Approaches Essay

1722 words - 7 pages

Description of Two Psychological Approaches

Describe two of the following psychological approaches: the
psychodynamic perspective, the cognitive perspective, the humanistic
perspective, or the physiologicalperspective. Then, compare and
contrast the two approaches that you have described. In what ways are
they similar? In what ways do they differ? Then, choose a particular
problem behavior or disorder and discuss how these perspectives would
view both the cause and the treatment of the problem behavior or
disorder.

The humanistic perspective states that a person's behaviors can be
controlled by their free will. The cognitive perspective states that a
person's behaviors are caused by the way they think, by memories and
the way they store them, by the person's thought process, and how
one's brain processes and categorizes information. The humanistic and
cognitive perspectives differ in that the humanistic perspective
suggests that a person has control over things they do, a person can
make their own decisions and change things in their life if they want
to. The cognitive perspective says that a person's behaviors can't be
controlled as easily and are determined by the way a person's mind
works. Genetics would play a bigger role in cognitive perspective.
Cognitive and humanistic perspectives are similar because they both
involve thought processes and brain functions.

When dealing with malingering, the humanistic approach to finding the
cause would be to find out if the person has a history of drug abuse
or if the person is trying to get on some form of disability or avoid
working. To treat malingering using the humanistic approach you would
want to work with the person to realize and admit that they have a
problem and get them to want to change, or find out the reason they do
not want to work. To diagnose malingering with the cognitive
perspective you would want to look at the person's family to see if
there was a history of drug abuse, or you would need to find out why
the person thinks that they would rather be on disability than work.
The person may have bad memories that relate to the cause of
malingering. To treat malingering using the cognitive approach you
would have to find out about the person's past experiences and things
they dealt with growing up. You would have to get the person to change
the way they have thought their entire life and break a cycle that
they grew up learning.

Question #2:

Children learn through three primary methods: classical conditioning,
operant conditioning, and observational learning. Describe each of
these three learning paradigms. Then, choose a behavior and describe
how this particular behavior could be acquired using each of the three
paradigms. For classical conditioning, be sure to identify the neutral
stimulus, the...

Find Another Essay On Description of Two Psychological Approaches

Describe and discuss two possible causes of schizophrenia (one biological, one psychological) suggested by psychologists, making reference to empirical evidence in your answer.

1488 words - 6 pages Describe and discuss two possible causes of schizophrenia (one biological, one psychological) suggested by psychologists, making reference to empirical evidence in your answer.Schizophrenia is probably the most serious mental illness recognized in the ICD (International Standard Classification of Diseases, Injures and Causes of Death). It is a disorder that causes the personality to lose its unity and occurs when thoughts and feelings become

Frederick Douglass: The Psychological Approaches Used to Maintain the Institution of Slavery

1612 words - 6 pages Within the “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: An American Slave” Douglass discusses the deplorable conditions in which he and his fellow slaves suffered from. While on Colonel Lloyd’s plantation, slaves were given a “monthly allowance of eight pounds of pork and one bushel of corn” (Douglass 224). Their annual clothing rations weren’t any better; considering the type of field work they did, what little clothing they were given quickly

Georgia O'Keeffe, Georgia O'Keeffe's life and description of two of her paintings.

1371 words - 5 pages Georgia O'Keeffe was an American painter, famous for the purity and brightness of her still-life compositions. O'Keeffe was the second of seven children and was born on November 15, 1887 in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin. Education was important in the O'Keeffe family; and as such, all of the children were well educated. O'Keeffe had a preference toward art at a very young age. She does not recall what prompted her to art only that she knew she wanted

A comparison of Dr. Jeckyll and Mr. Hide with a short description of the story. Also a description of two minor characters.

709 words - 3 pages incomprehensible or frightening to others.Dr. Jekyll is a very wealthy, middle-aged doctor and scientist or chemist. Throughout the story, he is described as being tall, dark, and handsome as well as a very respected and proper member of society. His wealth totals about two million doctors, which is an enormous sum in the Victorian 19th century. On account of his wealth, hePulitano 2Drew PulitanoMrs. NovellinoEnglish 32 March 2003lives comfortably in a grand

Description of Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development until the age of two and early motor development of infants.

731 words - 3 pages There are a number of different stages of development that occur for infant. Of these,intellecutal development, and motor development are the most prominant forms.Until about the age of fifteen, children are not capable of reasoning like an adult. This is most obviously true for an infant between zero and twenty four months of age. The time of intellectual development between these two ages is known as the sensory motor period. The reflexive

Successful Aging Elderly (SAE)

2495 words - 10 pages however, also often associated with the absence of age-Associated features - "just not age" equated. Successful aging may be regarded as the satisfaction with the conceptualized present and past lives Larson (1978). In more recent approaches, it may include two approaches to describe successful aging identified. These are related to the theoretical stress on adaptations considerations. In the framework of theoretical concepts stress, it is argued

Psychological egoism

803 words - 4 pages that sometimes humans can have truly altruistic motives, altruism being the selfless principle of the concern of the welfare for others (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy). In order to examine the claim, a philosophical analysis will be conducted on the two philosophical approaches. II. Psychological Egoism There have been many ideas put forth towards how a human should or should not act, but psychological egoism tries to explain

Personality Theories Overview

999 words - 4 pages Many psychologists throughout many years present theoretical approaches in an attempt to understand personality. Hans Eysenck’s approach of personality differed from that of Sigmund Freud and his psychoanalytical theory of personality. Eysenck’s theory of personality relies on the scientific basis of biology in explaining human personality. Although Freud’s theories are intriguing to an open mind, Eysenck’s approach made measurable scientific

Special Education in the US and Denmark

1328 words - 5 pages and the severity of the students needs. An important member of the team is a designated personnel from the educational-psychological advisory service (PPR) who is appointed to the student upon a request received from a parent or a person who interacts with the student daily. The educational-psychological advisory services play an important role in promoting inclusiveness in mainstream schools. Once a child is requested for an educational

This is a term paper proposal about Narcissistic Personality Disorder in Abnormal psych...the proposal was accepted. Bibliography included

2040 words - 8 pages is just a facade used to cover the deep feelings of inadequacy.Conflicting findings include: Each of the psychological approaches contains both strengths and weaknesses, in attempting to solve the narcissistic puzzle. Nevertheless, the psychodynamic model possesses a big advantage over the other approaches in its ability to offer both a comprehensive theory of etiology and a detailed description of treatment. With respect to etiology the other

Approaches to Personality

2164 words - 9 pages There are many ways to judge and define the self with numerous theories surrounding the topic. Personality is inseparable part of the self. Recent research suggests that even your pet can predict your personality (Gosling and Sandy 2011). This shows how much personality theories evolved and changed with time. Historical research into personality theories reveals two distinct, yet related, approaches to the self in psychology. Biologically

Similar Essays

Attraction: Describe And Evaluate Two Psychological Theories Of Interpersonal Attraction.

1742 words - 7 pages Q.Describe and evaluate two psychological theories of interpersonal attraction. In this consider the extent to which attraction is determined by cultural and social factors, rather than an act of choice.A.Attraction can be considered as a relatively simple process, which has a number of different forms such as friendships, sexual attraction and romantic love. There are various factors and processes which are involved in attraction, which will be

Compare And Contrast Two Theories Of Motivation Explaining How The Two Approaches May Differ And How They May Be Similar

1353 words - 5 pages The subject of motivation can be approached from a number of perspectives. Some theories approach motivation as coming from within a person (Drive Theory), whereas other theories approach motivation as coming from within the person (Incentive Theory). Compare and contrast two theories of motivation explaining how the two approaches may differ and how they may be similar. Does one theory seem to explain motivation better than the other? Support

Outline Any Two Theoretical Approaches To Identity And Explain How Each Has Contributed To Our Understanding Of This Concept.

1120 words - 4 pages From the Psychosocial and Social Identity Theory (SIT) perspectives there different approaches to what makes identity uniquely individual to humans and different from other animals. Each has contributed to our understanding of identity in different ways. Using observational and research methods psychological theorists' show that humans do not have a fixed identity but that identity is complex and diverse, changing throughout a person's life

A Compare And Contrast Paper About Two Short Stories, "A Description Of New England" By John Smith And "Of Plymouth Plantation" By William Bradford.

741 words - 3 pages In the writings "A Description of New England" by John Smith and "Of Plymouth Plantation" by William Bradford, the tone of these two selections vary noticeably. Both authors use certain tones to attract and persuade certain audiences. John Smith wrote of what a wonderful place the New World was, while on the other hand Bradford wrote about the difficulties and realities of the New World. Author John Smith, a pilgrim who arrived in the Americas