Description Of Two Psychological Approaches Essay

1722 words - 7 pages

Description of Two Psychological Approaches

Describe two of the following psychological approaches: the
psychodynamic perspective, the cognitive perspective, the humanistic
perspective, or the physiologicalperspective. Then, compare and
contrast the two approaches that you have described. In what ways are
they similar? In what ways do they differ? Then, choose a particular
problem behavior or disorder and discuss how these perspectives would
view both the cause and the treatment of the problem behavior or

The humanistic perspective states that a person's behaviors can be
controlled by their free will. The cognitive perspective states that a
person's behaviors are caused by the way they think, by memories and
the way they store them, by the person's thought process, and how
one's brain processes and categorizes information. The humanistic and
cognitive perspectives differ in that the humanistic perspective
suggests that a person has control over things they do, a person can
make their own decisions and change things in their life if they want
to. The cognitive perspective says that a person's behaviors can't be
controlled as easily and are determined by the way a person's mind
works. Genetics would play a bigger role in cognitive perspective.
Cognitive and humanistic perspectives are similar because they both
involve thought processes and brain functions.

When dealing with malingering, the humanistic approach to finding the
cause would be to find out if the person has a history of drug abuse
or if the person is trying to get on some form of disability or avoid
working. To treat malingering using the humanistic approach you would
want to work with the person to realize and admit that they have a
problem and get them to want to change, or find out the reason they do
not want to work. To diagnose malingering with the cognitive
perspective you would want to look at the person's family to see if
there was a history of drug abuse, or you would need to find out why
the person thinks that they would rather be on disability than work.
The person may have bad memories that relate to the cause of
malingering. To treat malingering using the cognitive approach you
would have to find out about the person's past experiences and things
they dealt with growing up. You would have to get the person to change
the way they have thought their entire life and break a cycle that
they grew up learning.

Question #2:

Children learn through three primary methods: classical conditioning,
operant conditioning, and observational learning. Describe each of
these three learning paradigms. Then, choose a behavior and describe
how this particular behavior could be acquired using each of the three
paradigms. For classical conditioning, be sure to identify the neutral
stimulus, the...

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