This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Desegregation Essay

3181 words - 13 pages

Desegregation is a term that can be defined as the process of abolishing racial segregation. Throughout the Civil Rights Movement of the mid 1950's to late 1960's, the desegregation of school systems was a heated issue in the United States both at a federal and state level. Many events transpired throughout this decade that were monumental not only to the educational system but to the civil rights of African-American's as a whole. It can be said then, that the desegregation of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg North Carolina School System during the Civil Rights Movement included involvement by the NAACP, nonviolent methods of protest, federal government rulings, local city official proceedings, and student/parent involvement that aided in shaping the future of America.Before discussing the issue of desegregation in the public schools of Charlotte, it's important to have a basic concept of the events occurring during that time, as well as the key figures involved. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People commonly referred to as the NAACP was formed in 1909 and took an active role in the Civil Rights Movement. There were NAACP branches throughout the country including North Carolina.An African-American man by the name of Kelly M. Alexander was President of the North Carolina NAACP at the time that desegregation became a prominent issue. Often, the NAACP would hold meetings to initiate action within the African-American community and these meetings would occur in churches. This is partly because no other locations were available, and because by going to African-American churches they were able to appeal to larger crowds.One key event occurred in 1955 when an African-American woman by the name of Rosa Parks, refused to move to the back of a bus in Alabama. This nonviolent method of protest ultimately caused bus segregation to be declared unconstitutional. This was a huge step in the civil rights movement because it showed America that Blacks were not going to settle for anything less than equality.Meanwhile, across the country Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was also struggling to gain rights being denied to African-Americans. He was leading marches, giving speeches and holding rallies, which were other types of nonviolent methods of protest that inspired thousands of African-Americans to become involved. Blacks were also dealing with white extremist groups like the Ku Klux Klan. There was segregation not only in schools, but also in housing, public places, employment opportunities, and more. Many African-American's used nonviolent methods of protest such as sit-ins and the before mentioned. These nonviolent types of protest were important because they demonstrated a peaceful yet effective way of achieving their goals and getting recognition both locally and federally.It's important to note that on May 17, 1954 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation in public education was discriminatory and unconstitutional. However, it...

Find Another Essay On Desegregation

Plessy vs. Ferguson: A Case for Desegregation

1492 words - 6 pages Plessy vs. Ferguson Homer Plessy vs. the Honorable John H. Ferguson ignited the spark in our nation that ultimately led to the desegregation of our schools, which is shown in the equality of education that is given to all races across the country today. “The Plessy decision set the precedent that ‘separate’ facilities for blacks and whites were constitutional as long as they were ‘equal’” (“The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow”). The case of Plessy vs

A Look at Desegregation as a Part of a Larger Phenomenon in American History

1000 words - 4 pages more than the African Americans at the hand of Anglo-Saxon Americans. In his "South Carolina Schools and Colleges Desegregation" manuscript William E. Rone details the hard fought court cases against educational segregation in South Carolina during the 50s and 60s as well as events which related to those cases. The cases depict a story of intolerance, disregard for the law with respect to desegregation, and outright harm to non-white Americans

The Removal of An Obstruction of Justice

990 words - 4 pages accomplish this constitutional charge, the president must be able to order agencies to take action on his authority. In 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower used his executive power to issue an executive order, Executive Order 10730, allowing him to enforce mandated federal court decisions. The Executive Order 10730 authorized the president to send the National Guard to assist in the desegregation of schools, specifically Central High School

Dr. Kenneth Bancroft Clark

1361 words - 6 pages psychology. All of Kenneth Clark’s work is based upon the development of equal opportunity for black children and children of color within social problems in America. Dr. Clark firmly believed in desegregation and this idea led to his contribution in the famous doll studies and his participation in the Brown vs. the Board of Education court case. Clark (1955, desegregation) believed that though the “mores” of social equality and acceptance of African

Separate and Unequal: Overcoming Segregation in America

4076 words - 16 pages sole launchers of the African-American Civil Rights movement, it is the rights and responsibilities involved in the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision which have most greatly impacted the world we live in today, based upon how desegregation and busing plans have affected our public school systems and way of life, as well as the lives of countless African-Americans around America. The Brown v. Board of Education decision offered African

This essay is a summary of the civil rights movement

538 words - 2 pages to register black students broke out in violence. Meanwhile, in 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, a seamstress named Rosa Parks refused to give her bus seat to a white man in December 1955 and sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott, a successful protest that took over a year and ended with the Supreme-Court-ordered desegregation of Montgomery buses. The boycott also brought to fame a young pastor named Martin Luther King, Jr., who led the protest.The

Segregation vs. Integration

1468 words - 6 pages will lead to the deterioration of the country. Michael S. Murray is also an advocate for segregation as he explains in his article “Segregation and Civic Virtue” that segregation promotes civic virtue as opposed to integration. On the other hand, Danielle Holley-Walker believes in her article “A New Era for Desegregation” that paying attention to desegregation efforts is vital for the success of the nation and equality among its people. First

Affirmative action

818 words - 4 pages . A plethora of programs, quotas, and projects promote the progression of diversity within their campus, which aspires to break down the wall of segregation that precluded racial minorities and women from obtaining an education. The history of affirmative action in United States law or policy appeared in the 1960s initiated by John F. Kennedy. The litigation of the influential case Brown V. Board of Education evoked desegregation. The Supreme

Analyzing History Lessons by Historical Criticism

749 words - 3 pages segregation with her grandmother in the 1930’s. A comparison of the speaker and her grandmother shows both the belief in segregation in the 1930’s compared to the desegregation in the 1970’s. By utilizing historical criticism, History Lesson by Natasha Trethewey can be analyzed from a historical point of view. In 1863, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing slaves from the Confederacy ("America's Civil Rights Timeline

Causes of Friction in Interracial Marriages

1725 words - 7 pages Causes of Friction in Interracial Marriages The United States has witnessed a considerable amount of social and cultural desegregation between African-Americans and Caucasians. However, despite years of desegregation, social and cultural differences still exist. One of these differences that still exists is in the institution of marriage. Americans have been and are continually moving slowly away from segregation. In the past forty years, a

segregation vs integration

1731 words - 7 pages be segregated based on race and any attempt of segregation would be considered a violation of Federal law. The desegregation and integration of students public educational facilities within the united stated took effect in 1951. Moreover, the justices recognized the difficult of implementing a new law that disregarded the method conduct against African Americans would not. Warren ruled on 31 May 1955 that school districts were required to

Similar Essays

Desegregation Essay

1351 words - 5 pages The Founding Fathers, in their conception of a more perfect union, drafted ideas that communicated the oppression they felt as slaves of Mother England. Ironically, nowhere in any of their documents did they address the issue of racial slavery. The Declaration of Independence from England was adopted as the country's'most fundamental constitutional document. It was the definitive statement for the American policy of government, of the necessary

The Trials Of Desegregation Essay

2215 words - 9 pages Throughout history, starting with the Fourteenth Amendment and Civil Right Movements opinions vary of the role desegregation has played in American Schools. With the beginning of desegregation came many changes, not only for students and parents but also many school districts and cities. One of the many beliefs is that desegregation helped abolish racial imbalance in school children. An abundance of theories exist as to the success of

Desegregation, Busing, And Schools Essay

2562 words - 10 pages        The issue of desegregation has been a very controversial issue since it was first legally introduced by the Supreme Court in 1954 with Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KS. Favoring or not favoring desegregation has not been the issue; almost everyone says they are for it on the surface. The controversy arises when it comes to how to implement desegregation. Immediately following the Brown decision, which advocated school

The Struggle For Racial Desegregation Essay

1398 words - 6 pages Amendment”. However, even after the ruling, the courts failed to implement the school desegregation ruling up until 1955. In Brown v. Board of Education II, the “court ruled that the school system must desegregate at speed and assigned the lower federal court to supervise the desegregation. Some states agreed to comply, but others were reluctant. According to Mark Rathbone, while the Brown ruling showed a desire from the court to make a