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Design And Simulation Of An Intelligent Traffic Control System

1589 words - 7 pages

RESEARCH PAPER NO: 01
Title:
Design and simulation of an intelligent traffic Control system
Journal:
Advances in Engineering & Technology, Nov (201) ISSN: 2231-1963
Authors:
Osigwe Uchenna Chinyere, Oladipo Onaolapo Francisca, Onibere Emmanuel Amano
Summary:
We have got a very fantastic research experience when we designed an intelligent system which will be capable of monitoring and controlling road traffic in Nigerian city, all described in this paper. We have taken idea through current traffic control system through which we identified problem at ‘+’ junction and then we implemented our own system to solve the problem. Their approach was based on embedded system based methodology. Our ...view middle of the document...

Figure 2.1: The simulated fuzzy logic traffic control system
Limitations:
• By implementing such a system it requires a high cost Ratio.
• Accuracy of the same system can be increased by using PLC based system.
• Highly chance of error in the system in case of heavy density.
2.4 RESEARCH PAPER NO: 02
Title:
PLC Based Intelligent Traffic Control System
Journal:
International Journal of Electrical & Computer Sciences IJECS-IJENS Vol: 11 No: 06
Author: Muhammad Arshad Khattak

Summary:
The main objective of this research paper was to design and implement intelligent traffic control system. The system developed is able to sense the presence or absence of vehicles within certain range by setting the appropriate duration for the traffic signals to react accordingly.
Since traffic control system has many flaws in order to get to the heart of problem, this research paper was written to come up with such intelligent system which can detect vehicle in appropriate distance, then perform with that specific situation. After amplification of different mathematical functions and algorithms the system compute proper amount of time in order to illuminate green signal. In the same way, we can get to the heart of matter and solve the problem of traffic congestion.
The scene behind this report is to implement the design and then test, after we can understand the main concept. The goal is to design a hardware device which has following properties.
The ability to collect the information of the busy tracks by sensors and providing the output to PLC.
1. Since the system is design because of the problem in busy roads, so the system will be able to gather information from the busy track then pass that information to PLC.
2. Once the information is gathered about the track then the system will react accordingly and will change the time suitable for the situation.
First up the sensors are assembled with interface and the interface is than coincide with the general traffic system. In real world this sample can be easily implemented. Also, the performance somehow depends upon the sensors after increasing the number of sensors in system, the system can be enhancing further for the traffic light functioning. If we replace the infrared sensors with imaging system then the system will get access to wide area and will tend to the ideal system for the controlling of traffic signals.

Limitation:
In the research paper the author use photoelectric sensor that’s not under application at dark ages or at cloudy days.
2.5 Research paper no: 03
Title:
Intelligent Traffic Light and Density Control Using IR Sensors and Microcontroller
Journal:
International Journal of Advanced Technology & Engineering Research (IJATER)
Authors:
A. Ms Promila Sinhmar
Summary:
Numerous monitoring and traffic light control system have been proposed by the author of this paper. The system work entirely on microcontroller, which is MCS-51 family based 89V51RD2 microcontroller....

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