This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Design Cognition And Safety Essay

1402 words - 6 pages

3.3 Design cognition and Safety

3.3.1 Overview
Design and cognition contributes to the improvement of safety, by reducing the risk of human error. This is using developments from education and technological systems across all industries which all would have involved extensive input from the human mind. Based on a selection of papers, this section will focus on an analysis of cognition tools and identify the importance role that cognition has to safety within the highway and Air Traffic Management (ATM) sectors.

3.3.2 Analysis of design media, modelling and interfaces
An essential part of design cognition is the accurate graphical representation of the ideas from the human mind and how the mind processes information. This allows these ideas to be developed and modelled electronically into a 2D or 3D format i.e. Autocad or Building Information Modelling. This is only helping to improve both safety and delivery of the design and construction process and has required significant research and investigation facilitate and develop this use of computer modelling.

Delivery of effective visualisations for a target audience using cognitive design principles in algorithms was explored, with the aim of reducing the need for collaborations between graphic designers and product designs (Tversky et al 2006). This work was based on the production of maps based on how a selection of students made mental representation of visualisations to the nearest fast food takeaway restaurant by writing down directions or drawing a map demonstrating the way.

Figure x – Two examples of different map sketches (Tversky et al 2006)

From the analysis it was determined that the layout of a map must be accurate as users consider directions to be provided in a systematic order and secondly that the users did not accurately display the correct distances or angles on their maps. These principles allowed the development of computer algorithms created a programme called LineDrive which introduced the simplification of highway maps.

Figure x - Comparison of traditional map v LineDrive map (M. Agrawala. (2001))

In the same study, a similar experiment was undertaken to establish mental representations and graphic preferences by asking students to assemble the object and then prepare a set of instructions. The majority represented the task with text and 3D sketches with arrows to highlight which parts fitted where to allow construction of the object.

Oxman (2000) undertook research into the support of cognitive design by studying the computational modelling based on the processes of cognition undertaken by a designer. This included the use of computer modelling to create emergence of schema based on an original design and developed a conceptual framework for schema emergence. The aim of which was to reduce the time for designers to create additional graphical representations of an initial idea.

Figure x - Conceptual framework for schema emergence. (Oxman 2000)
The interface...

Find Another Essay On Design Cognition and Safety

Implementing Safe Design in Construction Essay

3000 words - 12 pages implementation of engineering controls to design out risk. Many of the aforementioned problems can be eliminated or mitigated using safe design techniques. Safe design is the process of identifying, assessing, and eliminating hazards or potential risks that may occur in the workplace during construction or the life cycle of a designed product (Breslin, 2007). Designers have not traditionally addressed safety in their design and are often

A Study on The Construction Industry in Malysia

1739 words - 7 pages health consequences during a building project are multi-layered and vast. The intention of a construction project can bear an influence on the safety and wellness of workers involved throughout the project’s life cycle, including during construction, functioning, maintenance, renovation, and decommissioning. In recent years design has become a focal point of researchers and regulators (Behm, M., 2011). 1.1 Problem Statement As stated in the Abdul

Treating Patients with Moderate to Severe Alzheimer’s with Memantine

582 words - 3 pages moderate to severe. While treating moderate to severe AD with the cholinesterase inhibitor (ChEI) donepezil has been shown to be beneficial in improving cognition and overall functioning of patients, the long-term effects of adding memantine for a combined treatment have not been as well researched and documented. In a longitudinal study conducted by Lopez et al. (2009), a total of 943 patients with probable AD were examined and followed up for

Learning with Technology

2322 words - 9 pages required in today’s classroom. Teachers are often overwhelmed by their own requirements to effectively use technology in the classroom to personalize to the needs of each student. In the article, Benefits and Constraints of Distributed Cognition in Foreign Language Learning: Creating a Web-based Tourist Guide for London, Narciss and Koerndle point out that “Teachers have to (a) select or develop both adequate discourse and design tasks, (b) search

The Responsibilities of Nurses When Providing Patient Education

1017 words - 5 pages cognition are also well known perspectives of cognitive learning theory (Bastable, 2013). Everyone has the own way to perceive and learn depending on his/her level of cognitive development and social influences. Humanistic leaning theory is also useful in the educational process. The theory is based on Maslow hierarchy of needs. The basic survival needs have to be met before the patients can move up safety needs. Following the safety needs is

Industrial and Organizational Psychology

1321 words - 6 pages is what we called applied psychology today. Today, ergonomic specialists represent a variety of specialties such as; “perception, attention, and cognition (people who might have good ideas about the placement of buttons on a control panel or the preferred coloring of those buttons), to learning (people who might design training programs for the use of machines, to social and environmental psychologist (people who might address issues such as

ob behaviour

922 words - 4 pages Practice Projects, Essays and Exam QuestionsAll of the projects described below have been successfully completed by many of my masters students over the years.Chapter Four - ProjectsCase AnalysisWrite up a case of your choice. The case analysis will assess your application of concepts/theories discussed in class to problem formulation and the design of solutions to practical problems. The written case analysis will be evaluated based on how well

design driven innovation

1336 words - 6 pages industrial design features contribute user’s cognition of the meaning of the technology innovation (see, Rindova and Petkova, 2007), but also designs formulate user needs, translate them into product concept and define a necessary technology innovation (Moody, 1980). To illustrate, an investigation of 44 innovative projects in British SMEs has revealed that commercially successful technological innovation projects involved various aspects of design

Meaningful Learning

2270 words - 9 pages primary concern of learning process, is dominated as an active process—i.e., knowing and thinking is inseparable from doing. And I view knowledge, which is constructed by such an active process, must entail an action. Such my personal philosoghy of learning draws on the sociocultural theory (Vygotsky, 1986) and situated cognition (Brown, Collins, & Duguid, 1989; Clancey, 1997; Greeno, 1998; Lave & Wenger, 1991). The Nature of Learning: How

Hazard Identification and Risk Assesment

1535 words - 6 pages adviser is expected to be responsible in constructing a safety plan in each stage of project development and to introduce organisational safety structure to ensure maximum safety is assured during operation. Safety studies or else referred as hazard analysis or identification should be carried out in each phase of the project lifecycle including: conceptual phase, process design phase, engineering design phase, commissioning phase and operation

Exploring the Formation of “Perspective Fixedness” Through Established Theories

2391 words - 10 pages requirement for restructuring and producing alternative ways of thinking increases functional fixedness or lengthens the time it takes to find other uses (German & Defeyter, 2000). The Learned Socio-fixedness Theory (LSFT) states that any priming or modeling available offers only temporary cognitive and social safety but ultimately leads to perspective fixedness in all areas of life. This fixedness includes even the thought process leading one to be

Similar Essays

Age Related Pilot Cognition Performance Essay

1974 words - 8 pages Age-Related Pilot Cognition and Working Memory Unlike commercial airline pilots who are restricted by the Federal Aviation Association’s (FAA) ‘age 65’ rule, no age limit is defined in general aviation (GA) and in the USA, the GA pilot population is getting older (Air Safety Institute, n.d.; Clause, Dehais, Arexis, & Pastor, 2011; Hardy & Parasuraman, 1997). The complexity of aircraft navigation ensures time-pressured actions; affected by

Cognition And Emotion Essay

1625 words - 7 pages AbstractThis paper discusses the relationship between emotion and cognition. It is probably non-productive to attempt to separate emotion from cognition. Emphasis is laid on the interdependence between cognition and emotion in ways that challenge the simple division of labor into separate emotional and cognitive domains. In the context of psychology and the mind, general dichotomization alluded to emotion and cognition in terms of subcortical

Cognition: Force Of Strategy Essay

2012 words - 8 pages predict their response requires effective use of abundant and complex information. Thus, strategic cognition processes involve a high degree of uncertainty and ambiguity for decision makers, and the potential number of information variables is almost infinite.In order to get the holistic understanding of strategy, Mintzberg (1999) lassify the strategic management into ten schools, they are design school, planning school, position school, cognitive

Review Between Expert And Novices

1024 words - 5 pages Cognitive Strategy of an expert and novice engineer. Journal of sTEm Teacher Education , 48 (1). Bjorklund, T. A. (2013). Initial Mental representations of design problems: Differences between experts and novices. Design Studies , 34, 135-160. Ahmed, Saeema ., Wallace, Ken M., and Blessing, Lucienne T.M. (2003). Understanding the differences between how novice and experienced designers approach design tasks. Research in Engineering Design , 14, 1-11. Bonnardel, N. (1999, October 11-13). Creativity in Design Activities: The role of analogies in a constrained cognitive environment. Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Creativity & Cognition , 158-165.