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Designer Babies Essay

3440 words - 14 pages

The horizon of gene technology broadens everyday along with the
imagination of every human being. Designer babies, a rather amusing as
well as a controversial field in science, could one day change the
living world.

The term ‘designer babies’ is used by people like journalists. A more
scientific term would be ‘genetically modified babies’. Designing
babies is actually more of a general term as this covers lots of
different areas within. There are a number of methods, which are
described as designed babies. One is screening embryo to detect any
genetic diseases that is present in the child. Once they find the
faulty genes they can modify them so that the child is born healthy
and doesn’t have to worry about the disease or passing it on to its
own offspring. The same technique is also applied to detect and modify
embryos with unknown diseases that could prove to be very dangerous.

Another technique helps determine the sex of the baby. In this process
the sperm cells are divided into two groups, one which is likely to
produce a male baby and the other group which likely to produce
female. This selection is done before fertilization. The sperm with
the sex of the parents’ desire is selected and then inserted in the
egg for fertilization.

InVitro Fertilization is basically the more scientific term for the
process of creating test-tube babies. It’s when the sperm and egg are
fertilized inside a test tube within a lab, to prevent the child from
getting any genetic diseases. Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis is
also a process for the same cause; in this particular process embryos
are screened and the ones that are likely to carry the genetic disease
are removed and the healthy ones are used.[1]

It is believed by many scientists that in the future of designer
babies they will even modifying the cosmetic features of babies. Some
of the physical features that can be changed in the future are the
hair color and type, eye color and height. Some believe that it will
even be possible to modify babies’ intelligence, personality,
athleticism and beauty. An article in
http://www.bionetonline.org/English/Content/db_cont4.htm goes as
follows:

“In April 2001 the first genetically modified monkey was born - he was
called Andi (representing 'Inserted DNA' backwards). Andi was made
from an unfertilized egg into which scientists had inserted a
jellyfish gene called green fluorescent protein. This egg was then
fertilized with normal monkey sperm. Andi glowed green In ultra violet
light, showing for the first time that it is possible to change the
genetic make-up of a primate by inserting a gene into the egg.”

This clearly proves those scientists aren’t far from changing the
physical characteristics of humans and that the concept can be made
real. It is also believed that in the...

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