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Depression. Essay

3464 words - 14 pages

Table of ContentsI.Introp. 4-5A.Scenario of Everyday Strugglesp. 4B.What is Depressionp. 4C.Overall Statisticsp. 4D.Costsp. 5II.Overview of Depressionp. 5-6A.Major Depressionp. 51.General Informationp. 52.Treatmentp. 5B.Dysthymic Depressionp. 51.General Informationp. 52.Treatmentp. 5C.Depression Specific to Womenp. 61.Pregnancy/Major Depressionp. 62.Post Partum Depressionp. 63.Menopausep. 6III.Specific Topic: Bipolar Depression/Manic Depressionp. 7-9A.What is it?p. 7B.Symptoms and Typesp. 71.Symptomsp. 72.Mixedp. 73.Rapid Cyclingp. 74.Type I or IIp. 7C.Who does it affect?p. 71.Womenp. 72.Children/Adolescentp. 7-83.Elderlyp. 8D.What causes it?p. 81.Chemicalp. 82.Otherp. 8E.Diagnostic Evaluationp. 9F.Treatmentp. 91. Access/Health Insurance Coveragep. 92. Medicationp. 93. Psychotherapyp. 9IV.Conclusionp. 10V.Bibliographyp. 11IntroScenarioEveryday millions of Americans wake up to a busy household, with screaming kids and a husband to feed, children to get dressed and off to school, and yourself to get ready all in one. If not they wake up completely alone, with no one to comfort or take care of or hassle with, but none the less everyday millions of Americans wake up. It is not always a question of what we wake up to but how we feel ourselves when we do wake. Are we really what we should be or is there something different? Is this feeling of emptiness and hopelessness natural or is there something wrong? It is in this that we must face our darkest fear, not one of public speaking or death, but of life. Throughout the course of our lives, we all experience episodes of discontent, sorrow or grief. Most of us are able to cope with everyday events and other types of stress. Over a period of days or weeks, the majority of us are able to return to our normal activities. But when these feelings of misery and gloom last for an extended period of time, true clinical depression may be present (Wald, 2002).What is depression?Depression is a disease that involves both the mind and the body. It affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way someone feels about his or her self, and the way someone thinks (NIMH, 2002). A severe or prolonged depression that interferes with the ability to function or maintain interest is not a mere case of the blues- it is an illness. Researchers have demonstrated that it results from biochemical imbalances in the brain. Depressive illness is among the most common and destructive of illnesses prevalent in the United States today (Hatch, n.d.). Depression can be classified in three types: major depression, dysthymic depression, and bipolar depression (or manic depression) (NIMH, 2002).Overall StatisticsSuicide is now the second leading cause of death among children and adolescents. More than 80 percent of those suffering from depressive illness can be treated successfully with modern day drugs. An estimated 35-40 million Americans living today will suffer from major depressive illness during their lives. For each person directly...

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