Depression In Adolescents Essay

1809 words - 7 pages

Depression in Adolescents
Depression is a huge plague in the world. The American Psychiatric Association reports that depression occurs if at least 5 of the following symptoms occur for at least 2 weeks: depressed or sad mood, decreased interest in activities that once was enjoyable, weight gain or loss, psychomotor agitation or retardation, fatigue, misplaced guilt, a lack of concentration, or even recurrent thoughts of death. Approximately 121 million people are affected by some form of depression. Statistics from the Center for Disease and Control Prevention show that approximately 8.3 percent of adolescents are affected by depression. Whereas this number seems small compared to the number that affects adults, it is important to remember that depression is difficult to accurately diagnose in adolescents because of the many changes they are experiencing during this period of their lives. They are not as mature and don’t understand a lot of these changes they are experiencing, therefore that number may not accurately reflect the true number of adolescents that suffer from depression. Depressive disorders for youth includes MDD, dysthymic disorder, cyclothymic disorder, bipolar disorder (I and II), mood disorder due to a general medical condition, substance-induced mood disorder, and mood disorder not otherwise specified and depressive disorder not otherwise specified (Hamill-Skoch, Hicks, Prieto-Hicks, 2012). This paper will discuss the causes, symptoms, and effects of treatments for adolescents faced with depression.
The cause of depression is controversial. Some believe that it is biological and others believe that conditions such as poor social skills contribute to the onset of depression. Many studies show that when parents show signs of the depression, then the children are likely to pick up the condition. Others believe the onset of depression is a result of the inability to form healthy relationships, resulting in social isolation. The social isolation leads to the feelings of depression. It is reported that depression could be caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain that medication can correct. According to the theory of chemical imbalance, low levels of the brain chemical serotonin lead to depression and depression medication works by bringing serotonin levels back to normal ( Laramine, 1995). However some studies suggest that there are no concrete ways to test serotonin in the brain so this theory has not been proven (Smith, Robinson, Segal and Ramsey 2014). It is suggested that depression among adolescents can be detected early if family members, school officials, and other people within the community recognize the warning signs. Adolescents experiencing depression are often sad and sometimes having crying spells. They often are restless and have difficult times sleeping. They feel fatigued and irritable and often have feelings of shame or worthlessness. There are times when adolescents feel bored or lose interest in...

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