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Detail The Factors That Brought About The Cuban Revolution Of 1958/59 And Evaluate The Successes And Failures Of The Subsequent Communist Government.

1890 words - 8 pages

Detail the factors that brought about the Cuban revolution of 1958/59 and evaluate the successes and failures of the subsequent communist government.The first part of this essay will explore and analyze the many factors that brought about the Cuban revolution of 1958/59.These factors stretch back to when Colon first landed in Cuba in 1942.Cuba's location in the Carribean has always been the key aspect which foreign powers have most wanted the island for. This factor has meant the Cuban people have always had to live with external influences dictating their national policies which in turn has dictated their day to day lives. The main effect of this influence had been poverty and oppression for the average Cubano until the 1958/59 revolution.For William McKinley the Cubanos were a nuisance who got in the way of trade, ' [It] injuriously affects the normal functions of business and tends to delay the conditions of prosperity to which this country is entitled to.This quote refers to the Cuban uprising against the Spanish.I believe the U.S is the one continuous thread that led to the revolution and the strong anti-Yankee sentiment that dominated Castro's policies.Cuba gained its independence from Spain in 1898. This was at a cost to Cuba as they had to ally themselves with the U.S to finally defeat the Spanish. Cuba was never officially portrayed to be part of the U.S. Cuba was independent with a republican constitution. This constitution stood for little as Cuba still held a huge contingent of U.S troops. The U.S also made sure of its stranglehold on Cuba by placing the Platt Amendment in the new constitution in 1901. This amendment ensured that U.S troops had licence to step into Cuba at any time for any reason:The government of Cuba consents that the United States may exercisethe right to intervene for the preservation of Cuban independence,the maintenance of a government adequate for the protection of life,property, and individual liberty, and for discharging the obligationswith respect to Cuba imposed by the treaty of Paris on the UnitedStates, now to be assumed and undertaken by the governmentOf Cuba.Cuban policies and politicians were now only valid with a U.S stamp. A succession of puppet governments was to follow.First came the 'Politicos' who were mainly interested in embezzlement the country was in a state of disarray. The Platt amendment was invoked twice between 1906 and 1908. Civil unrest meant a lean towards dictatorship.A cycle of corruption, coupes and constitutional change in favour of the leadership elite started with Gerado Manchado. This tradition of dictators was carried on by Batista. Batista's rule ended for a short period in 1944 in free elections. Batista as he had done to Machado returned to power by a ' Golpe de estado'.This did not sit well with Fidel Castro a young lawyer who called for Batista to stand in court to face charges for violating the code of social defence.The aim of this essay is not to detail the mechanics...

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