This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Detailed Overview Of Hiv Essay

3875 words - 16 pages

Since the onset of the HIV/AIDS epidemic 15 years ago, the virus has infected more than 47 million people in the world. With more than 2.2 million deaths in 1998, HIV/AIDS has now become the fourth leading cause of mortality and its impact is going to increase. Over 95% of all cases and 95% of AIDS deaths occur in the developing world, mostly among young adults and increasingly in women.

HIV can be prevented in many ways, but they are not always followed. People die when they don't play it safe. That's why we have to spread the word on prevention. There are three main ways that HIV can be spread:

1. sexual intercourse
2. intravenous drugs
3. blood transfusions (which are very rare now because all blood is tested)

HIV is spreading like wild fire among adolescents because they don't believe it can happen to them. Sixty-one percent of 14-21 year olds are engaged in sexual intercourse. The problem we have to deal with is the spreading of this disease among our generation.

Scientists are trying to develop a cure for the AIDS virus. There are three parts to finding the cure. The three parts are:

1. To devise a drug that will kill the HIV virus once it enters the body.
2. To create a vaccine that would prevent the disease.
3. To educate people world wide about the dangers of AIDS and how to prevent the HIV infection.

In humans, the immune system acts as a line of defense against foreign organisms in the body. Though the immune system functions throughout the body, its production centers from certain key organs in the body.

Various specialized cells are produced by these organs and comprise the immune system. For example:

* Lymphocytes
o B Cells
o T Cells
* Macrophages

?Self? From the ?Non-Self?

In order for the body to distinguish the self from the non-self, domestic vs. foreign cells, almost every cell has been built with certain identification tags, MHC markers. Those cells carrying antigens, a ?non-self? tag, are identified by the immune system. This helps insure that the immune system does not accidentally try to harm the body.


Lymphocytes are white blood cells that patrol the body for "non-self" tags. The number of these particular cells in the average body is approximately 1 trillion. T cells and B cells make up the two major categories of lymphocytes.


Originating from bone marrow, B-cells are responsible for the creation of antibodies (see diagram below). Each B-cell creates an antibody, which is specific to an antigen. It is the antibodies that act upon the "non-self" entity by:

* marking the entity for destruction
* directly destroying the foreign organism
* blocking viruses from entering a cell
* making cells vulnerable to white blood cell attacks


T-cells are produced in the thymus. Here they mature and learn how to identify foreign entities that may enter the body. T-lymphocytes can form into...

Find Another Essay On Detailed Overview of HIV

Mother to Child transmission of HIV

998 words - 4 pages . "Achievements in Public Health: Reduction in Perinatal Transmission of HIV Infection --- United States, 1985--2005." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1 June 2006. Web. 08 Feb. 2014. Stine, Gerald James. AIDS Update 2012: An Annual Overview of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2012. Print. Stoto, Michael A., Donna A. Almario, and Marie C. McCormick. Reducing the Odds: Preventing Perinatal Transmission of HIV in the United States. Washington, D.C.: National Academy, 1999. Print.

HIV/aids in prison all around the world - Introduction to criminal justice - Research

3909 words - 16 pages , however not every person that has HIV achieves this position. Researchers have said that the infection has originated from a sort of Chimpanzee in Africa when people interacted with contaminated chimpanzee blood while chasing. "We realize that the infection has existed in the United States at any rate the mid-to late 1970s" (What is HIV/AIDS, 2017). Helps was first detailed in the United States in 1981 and has from that point forward it has

HIV and the Condition of AIDS

1559 words - 6 pages . Finally, the last type of treatment is Integrase Inhibitors. Integrase is yet another enzyme utilized by HIV that allows it to integrate the DNA produced through the reverse transcription process into the host cell’s DNA (“Overview of HIV”, 2009). Although these drugs can not completely cure AIDS or rid the body of HIV, they have increased the life expectancy of an infected individual from 36 years after infection in 2002 to 51 years after

Aids Prevention and Education in America

1130 words - 5 pages of 49 (RedSky Healing) And, perhaps, of these few people named here, Magic Johnson is the most famous. His won four NBA Championships, three NBA MVP awards and won an Olympic gold medal. He is still living. What do these people have in common? They all lived with HIV/AIDS. AIDS can affect anyone, no matter your age, gender or sexual orientation. It is important to educate people about HIV/AIDS, so that they know how to prevent it, what to do if

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Treatment and Drugs

1629 words - 7 pages (2013, April 23). Statistics overview. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2013, May 22). HIV incidence. Retrieved from HIV Health Reform. (2014). Living with HIV? 5 facts. Retrieved from Mayo Clinic. (2012, August 11). Treatments and drugs. Retrieved from Office of NIH History (n.d.). Discovery of HIV. Retrieved from

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, AIDS

2386 words - 10 pages Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Kumar, M. (n.d.). Thrush. Retrieved March 26, 2014, from Medscape: Levy, J. A. (1993). Pathogenesis of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection. Microbiological Reviews, 183-289. McCool, L. (n.d.). The Discovery and Naming of Candida albicans. Retrieved March 26, 2014, from http

All About HIV and AIDS

2120 words - 8 pages /rr5514a1.htm 9. Marino, Chih Cheng Peng, Greenfield, Talavera. “HIV in Pregnancy.” Medscape Reference: Drugs, Diseases & Procedures. 17 Oct. 2011. Web. 1 May 2012. 10. World Health Organization. “Global Summary of the AIDS Epidemic 2010.” World Health Organization. 2010. Web. 1 May 2012.

A General Overview of The Human Immunodeficiency Virus

2113 words - 8 pages difference between the two is mainly that HIV-1 is more easily transferred then the transfer rate of HIV-2, while the rest of the symptoms, characteristics, and outcomes are approximately the same. The virus occurs as a free floating virus particle as well as within infected immune cells such as CD4+ T-cells. 2. DISEASE PROGRESSION Below is a General overview of how one could describe the progression of HIV ACUTE INFECTION CLINICAL

The Human Immune Virus

1172 words - 5 pages enzymes (, 2014). Works Cited (2014). OVERVIEW OF HIV TREATMENTS. Retrieved from (2014). HIV/AIDS Research. Retrieved from (2014). Medical Monitoring Project (MMP). Retrieved from

Living with HIV/AIDS

2142 words - 9 pages about you. Works Cited "AIDSinfo Drug Database." AIDSinfo. U.S Department of Health and Human Services, 8 Nov. 2013. Web. 09 Nov. 2013. Farnan, Rose. What Nurses Know...HIV/AIDS. New York: Demos Health, 2012. Print. "HIV/AIDS." Research Overview, NIAID, NIH. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, 6 Aug. 2013. Web. 08 Nov. 2013. "How to Prevent HIV/AIDS and Other STDs." Lifebeat Music Fights HIVAIDS How to Prevent HIVAIDS and


2292 words - 9 pages who is infected is that for some people HIV/AIDS does not become real, or denial is preferable including denial of risk, until one witnesses someone ill or dying of AIDS. This means that trying to shift people’s perception of risk in order that they choose behaviours that are safe requires a detailed understanding of culture, context of perception, and experience of risk (Kesby, et al., 2003). This is related to the fact that ‘culture’ in its anthropological sense, is a complex interplay of meanings, action, structure, and change that exist within all social relations and in all social settings (Mayisha II Collaborative Group 2005).

Similar Essays

Detailed Overview Of An Hr Officer

2944 words - 12 pages   Contents Executive Summary: 4 Introduction: 5 Methodology and Limitation 5 1. Determining own Responsibility and Performance 5 1.1 Responsibilities and performance objectives: 5 1.2 Effectiveness in meeting objectives: 6 1.3 Recommendations for improvement: 6 1.4 How motivational techniques can be used to improve quality of performance: 7 Employee Assistance: 7 Interesting Work: 7 Fair treatments: 7 Open & frequent communications

A Detailed Overview Of Jezebel From The Bible

1542 words - 6 pages 1JezebelJezebel was persecuted in the Bible by people of the Hebrew faith, because she was a female with great power and refused to renounce her religious beliefs. I will argue that Jezebel's actions and way of life was not any different from other rulers or prophets at that time, but was condemned because of her religious beliefs, and gender.According to the Bible, Jezebel was an evil woman for a variety of reasons. She was considered evil

An Explanation Of Monopoly, Oligopoly, Perfect Competition, And Monopolistic Competition A Detailed Overview

968 words - 4 pages The Australian market is a diverse economic ocean - it has different species of marine life (industries), different swells (market structure) and even 'hot' and 'cold' spots (public companies). One of the key determinates to a successful national economy is the structure of its markets. The main market structures are: 1. Monopoly2. Oligopoly3. Perfect Competition4. Monopolistic CompetitionEach of these market structures have unique

Getting Educated About Hiv/Aids Essay

1274 words - 6 pages Americans. Atlanta: Centers For Disease Control and Prevention. A Timeline Of AIDS. (n.d.). Retrieved from DRUG USE AND HIV. (n.d.). Retrieved from Karen R. Humes, N. A. (2011). Overview of Race and Hispanic . Atlanta: U.S. Census Bureau. Mustich, E. (2011, Jun 5). A History of AIDS Hysteria. Retrieved April 6, 2014, from