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Determinants Of Polygyny: A Cross Cultural Analysis

741 words - 3 pages

According to the data in the figures and described above, the first hypothesis of correlations between social stratification and polygyny preference was rejected by the data, which shows reversed correlation between the variables than predicted. The second hypothesis was supported by the data, with comparatively strong correlations between polygyny preferences and temperatures or climates.
For the first hypothesis, the correlation predicted was based on the level male-male competition. In societies that male-male competition was predicted strong has higher rate of polygyny, and vice versa. This hypothesis, according the data provided, might be an over simplification of the problem. In Hames (1996) article, three questions were raised to compare polygyny and monogyny males and females: (1) Do polygynous men work more or more efficiently? (2) Do polygynyous men have larger gardens? (3) Do polygynous women work less than monogamous women? Among the three questions, question (2) can be turned into ‘Do polygynyous men have more wealth in my research?’ Thus we can see that there are much more factors we need to consider that affect the preference of polygyny in the place of merely male-male competition. In Hames’ (1996) article, he discussed the benefits of monogyny and polygyny and provided us with the information of polygyny is economically disadvantageous due to the fact that one husband must support two or more wives as well as their offspring with the only economic resource he has, his low labor. Some may argue that even though polygynous females have to their husband’s resource and labor with other females, they are also only responsible for a portion of a male. Therefore, polygynously married females may not be with less economically advantageous than monogyny females. One way to analyze the weights is to compare the number of consumer to producer ratios in both kinds of societies (Hames, 1996). Figure 3 shows the result of his research. In polygynous societies, each husband doesn’t only need to support the lives of their wives, but also those of their children. For every extra wife, more than one child is added to the burden of the husband under most cases. For most of these children, they are counted as mere consumers rather than producer in the family. When they become producers is an empirical...

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