Determinants on the Diffusion of Democracy
Throughout contemporary society there exist many different forms of government structures. Some countries range from aristocratic governments, theocratic governments or hierarchies. Governments stand as powerful institutions that instigate political order within a nation. They create and implement different societal rules and help to maintain moral order. With the analysis of the many different government forms throughout the world, democracy stands to be the most popular regime. Though democracy holds as the most popular form of political rule, not all countries around the world function under a democratic polity. Democracy takes root in some countries over others due to a varying number of external and internal factors. Economic wealth, the geography of a country or its spatial patterns, religion, history, or war, are a few of the different elements that must be considered when trying to comprehend the reason why democracy dominates in some parts of the world, and not in
A democratic government is a government of the majority. Democracy is currently the world’s most common form of power. Though it stands as the most favoured type of government, a democratic system was not always optimal. “About sixty percent of the countries in the world-system now have democratic procedures, compared to about twenty-eight percent in 1950 (of a total of fifty polities)” (O’Loughlin et al 546). The expansion of democracy has been unstable during the nineteenth century its “growth occurred in fits and starts with shifts towards democracy in the nineteenth century followed by shifts towards authoritarianism between 1920 and 1935 and again between 1950 and 1975” (O'Loughlin et al 557). Therefore its popularity sprouted after the nineteenth century. There are many different reasons as to why certain countries do not fall under a democratic government, all of which collect under a mixture of external and internal determinants. “Mesolevel or regional perspectives, such as that of Deegan (1994), hold that, since the globe is a mosaic of different religions and states, some regional contexts are more amenable to political change then others” (O'Loughlin et al 549). Nations across the world differ in multiples ways. They have different cultures, procedures, or pieces of history that contribute to the means in which each region functions. “Countries like Denmark minority governments are virtually the norm, while in Germany they are a rare occurrence...similarly, governments in Italy are notoriously unstable, while Dutch governments frequently last the entire legislative period” (Diermeler, Erasian, Merlo 28). The world is full of a diversity of political polity.
Consequently, in examining why a country falls under a political rule, many people look into the history of the country, mainly focusing on war. An example of the indirect influence of war was “the Great Depression, which weakened...