Many people often wonder what influences their choices, why they do the things they do, and why the world functions the way it does. Many like to argue that people make the choices they make because things are determined by nature and nurture, no other factors. Others like to argue that people have full control over the choices they make and there are no constraining factors. In this paper I will demonstrate that determinism is false and people are not typically determined by nature and nurture to perform the evil actions they do. I will identify what determinism is, the different forms of determinism, why people find it to be true, why I find it false, and show different examples of why. I will then go on to discuss free will, the different forms of free will, and why people do things out of free will.
The definition of determinism “The world is governed by (or is under the sway of) determinism if and only if, given a specified way things are at a time t, the way things go thereafter is fixed as a matter of natural law.” The root of the philosophical idea is that everything can be explained or that everything has a reason for being and being as it is and nothing else. There are also different types of determinism that people believe in. Soft, hard, and casual determinism are the three different types of determinism. Soft determinist believe that free will is compatible with determinism. They believe in determinism, but believe free will can be present. “According to this soft determinism perspective, a person’s behavior may be caused by internal psychological states that, in turn have causes, but if no immediately pressing external agent affects the behavior, the person is said to have free will,” (Ogletree&Oberle, pg.98). Hard determinist believe there is no free will present ever. They believe everything in the universe is determined. Indeterminism is the opposite of determinism. Indeterminist believe that people are morally responsible for their actions if one has control of their freedom. I consider indeterminism, soft, and hard determinism the three main types of views people can have on determinism.
People find determinism to be true because they think everything in life is determined by nature and nurture. They think God is the creator of all of their actions, including evil ones. “The ultimate author of all our volitions is the creator of the world, who first bestowed motion on this immense machine, and placed all being in that particular position, whence every subsequent event, by inevitable necessity, must result,”(Mawson, pg.323). They believe no other factors go into their decision making. They don’t believe in outside influences. If a determinist committed a horrible crime, they believe in their mind they were directed by God and no other influence to commit that crime.
It is hard for me to believe in the determinist view, because I do feel people have control over their actions. I do not believe God...