This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Devastating Tsunami In Thailand Essay

2085 words - 8 pages

Tsunami in in Thailand 2004
The tsunami in Thailand that occurred on December 26, 2004, was by far the largest tsunami catastrophe in human history. It was triggered by a magnitude 9.1-9.3 earthquake along the Indian-Australian seduction zone off the northern coast of Sumatra. The tsunami waves traveled primarily in the east to west direction and caused major damage along the coasts of southern Thailand. Unpredictably, it was a violent earthquake beneath the sea that initiated the massive waves and struck more than a dozen countries in Southern Asia. It also destroyed thousands of miles of coastline and even submerged entire islands permanently.
Throughout the region, the tsunami killed more than 150,000 people, and a million more were hurt, homeless, and without food or drinkable water, making it perhaps the most destructive tsunami in the modern history. In spite of peninsular Thailand's location facing the northern part of this seduction zone, the lack of any written historical records, together with the lack of any major local seismic activity, the tsunami caused thousands of fatalities and huge economic losses in the popular tourist regions in Thailand. Immediately after the disaster, numerous organizations and individual citizens have helped out and contributed to this devastating tsunami. Indeed, the tsunami in Thailand was a worldwide event, with significant wave action felt around the world.
In this context, I am focusing more on the key features of the tsunami’s natural causes, the psychological effects on citizens, the perspective of socio-economic impacts and the consequences of the tsunami calamity.
What triggered this horrific natural disaster that took place off the western coast of Sumatra? The earthquake of December 2004 was aroused because of the grinding between two large plates in the Indian Ocean. Fatally, it was so intense that it literally caused something far more deadly. The epicenter of this earthquake was in the Indian Ocean, just off the western coast of the island of Sumatra. When the Burma plate cracked, the unexpected movement shifted trillions of tons of water. Unfortunately, that mass of water moved up to the ocean surface, where it stretched outward in violent waves.
That is why, they call it a tsunami since it usually occur underwater earthquakes, and these waves are forced by the energy of the quake. Similarly, it can happen by coastal landslides, the collision of a meteor, or the explosion of an underwater volcano. (Catastrophe in S.A. 12)
Unfortunately, the tsunami had rapidly sped up to the Thailand coast, estimated about 300 miles (482.8km) from the earth quake’s epicenter, and then moved to India and Sri Lanka. Sadly, the waves of the tsunami hit hard and furious as fast as it came to the shoreline. The popular tourist resort of Phuket was badly hit, and within hours, the aftermath of the tsunami killed hundreds of thousands of people, at least as many missing,...

Find Another Essay On Devastating Tsunami in Thailand

The Tsunami Disaster Essay

1344 words - 5 pages The Tsunami Disaster At 0059 GMT on 26 December 2004, a magnitude 9.3 earthquake ripped apart the seafloor off the coast of northwest Sumatra. Over 100 years of accumulated stress was released in the second biggest earthquake in recorded history. It unleashed a devastating tsunami that travelled thousands of kilometres across the Indian Ocean, taking the lives of nearly 300,000 people

Earthquake: A Disaster in the Bay of Bengal

1332 words - 6 pages system could have alerted the public to move to safer locations. As soon as the nations realized what they could and should have done, they began work on various tsunami preparation and detection methods (Doc. 10). Among the first things done was the “signing up” to get tsunami alerts (Doc. 10). These alerts are delivered through “governments and the media” (Doc. 10). In addition, some countries like Thailand installed alarms which go off if a

Warning Systems and Prevention Techniques of Tsunamis

1259 words - 5 pages Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission began to cooperate and established Tsunami Warning Systems (TWS) in the areas of the world where the tsunami occurred, while the NOAA's Pacific Tsunami Center and the Japan Meteorological Agency provided warnings to countries all over the world. A Tsunami Warning System (TWS) is a system which is supposed to detect the tsunami and send out warnings to places that are in danger to prevent the loss of many human lives

The Indian Ocean Tsunami

2496 words - 10 pages , homes, boats, roads, whole resorts, towns, and bodies out into the expansive Indian Ocean to be lost. The dramatic changes to the landscape and human condition caused by the Indian Ocean tsunami have taken years to fully recover. The confirmed death toll one year after the Indian Ocean tsunami was two hundred and twenty thousand dead in eleven countries. The countries physically affected were Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Maldives, Somalia


508 words - 2 pages themselves have designed and shaped for millions of years. It is only nature who can bring forth the tsunami, whose impact can be both mystic or devastating. More blossoms will always grow on the tree, but you cannot plant a tsunami it is not understood by the people. Without warning or expectation the tsunami guides only itself, while growing in solitude shrouded by mystery."Existence is something that is spontaneous. The human body doesn't tell

The Effects of the 2004 Tsunami

1268 words - 5 pages devastated countries together with Indonesia. India's southeast coastlines were also greatly affected by the tsunami, and in India alone a present estimation of more than 16,400 people were killed (2004 Tsunami Map, 1). India's Andaman and Nicobar islands, these islands were literally destroyed by the tsunami, large numbers of people died and the ecosystem was severely damaged by the waves. Thailand saw its west coast destroyed larger number of

Tsunamis: How Oregon Can Better Prepare for Cascadia

1970 words - 8 pages Cascadia earthquake will be the most destructive disaster to strike the United States. Its effects on Oregon alone will be catastrophic. Geologists have predicted that there is a 37% chance of a mega-quake in the next 50 year in the Pacific Northwest. The Japan government was able to put a time frame on when their next earthquake would come, and they were correct. Japan was well prepared for a tsunami, yet the damage there was devastating. Already

The December 26, 2004 Tsunami in Southeast Asia

1296 words - 5 pages its epicenter at 3.298oN, 95.779oE and the focal depth was about ten kilometers. "Hundreds, if not thousands, of aftershocks have shaken the area since the massive tremor last December 26th that triggered the devastating Indian Ocean tsunami" ( There were about 84 aftershocks recorded as of Jan. 1, 2005 with magnitudes varying from 5.0 to 7.0 in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands and the region of Northern Sumatra. The distribution

Natural Disasters

596 words - 2 pages Ocean, close to the west coast of Sumatra Indonesia. Within a few hours of the earthquake, killer slammed into the coastline of 11 Indian Ocean countries, damaging countries from east Africa to Thailand. Even though there was a gap of time between the earthquake and when the tsunami hit. Most people were taken by surprise because there were no tsunami warning systems in the Indian Ocean. The Indian Ocean tsunami traveled as far as 3,000 miles to

Natural Disaster Early Warning Systems

2424 words - 10 pages horrifying that they the experts knew about this tsunami four hours before it hit the shores of Thailand, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, India and Africa. The lack of an early warning system in these countries has resulted in many deaths. However, the government promises to have a system in place by next year. It's sad that it takes a natural disaster of this magnitude to put an early warning system in place. This disaster could have been avoided, and the death

The Cascadia Earthquake: A Disaster that Could Happen

2533 words - 10 pages Imagine if a 9.0 earthquake struck the West Coast today, resulting in a giant tsunami. Coastal towns would be washed away or completely isolated, and electricity would be lost (FOX5). There would be $70 billion in damage and people would only have 15 minutest to evacuate or move to higher ground resulting in 10,000 deaths (FOX5). This sounds like a plot for a scary movie, but this is actually a reality. The Oregon Coast in located on a

Similar Essays

The Cause And Effect Of The Tsunami In Thailand In 2004

2119 words - 8 pages . In spite of peninsular Thailand's location facing the northern part of this subduction zone, the lack of any written historical records, together with the lack of any major local seismic activity, the tsunami caused thousands of fatalities and huge economic losses in the popular tourist regions in Thailand. Immediately after the disaster, numerous organizations and individual citizens have helped out and contributed to this devastating tsunami

The Japanese Earthquake And Consequent Tsunami

1630 words - 7 pages government estimates the tsunami took around 5 million tons of debris off shore. 70% sank leaving about 1.5 million tons of debris floating in the Pacific Ocean. Thailand – Phuket Introduction On December 26, 2004, an earthquake occurred in the Indian Ocean with a magnitude of 9.0, this triggered a deadly Tsunami, which devastated Phuket and surrounding countries including Indonesia, India and Malaysia. This deadly Tsunami

History And Scientific Understanding Of Tsunamis

2017 words - 8 pages occurred in different countries of eastern Asia such as China, Korea and Russia. But the most devastating of them all were the 2004 tsunami and the 684 tsunami that reached magnitudes of 8 and above. It was until recently that scientists discovered the likelihood of an earthquake with such a magnitude can only occur along the coasts of the Indian Ocean because 90% of the world’s strong earth plate subduction occurs in this area. However, they are

The Death Of Nelson Mandela And The Asian Tsunami

1675 words - 7 pages updates and devastating photos of the disaster. The details about the disaster portrayed by the media left viewers shocked and devastated due to what they were seeing and hearing. (Phillips,P.2004) The day after the tsunami hit, BBC News's Ben brown reported the event and viewers began to realise the magnitude of this disaster. Donations began pouring in from people wanting to help. It was later established that two-thirds of all deaths due to