Devastation And Disease In Africa Essay

1910 words - 8 pages

Throughout time, scientists have discovered new ways to help save lives and help people live longer, but this causes a major problem around the world. Birth rates are almost double to that of the death rates, and the earth’s population is reaching the seven billion mark. Continents everywhere worry about what is to come with the rising population because it is causes many resources to deplete and diseases to spread. These very problems are already occurring on the continent of Africa.. In Africa, overpopulation is causing an immense amount of disease to spread more competently due to the close living quarters and a lack of clean water.
Population around the world is rising hastily, so fast that the world’s population has just reached seven billion, and scientists fear it will continue to rise and all of the world’s resources and space will deplete, causing illness to spread rapidly among the people. Throughout the years, population has gradually risen, such as that “in 1970, there were roughly half as many people in the world as there are now” (“World Population: Past…”). The worldwide population is increasing so dramatically, in such little time, that no one can predict if it will keep increasing or if it will eventually decrease. The population count has just marked seven billion, and many scientists are concerned because they believe that it will reach nine billion by 2045 (Kunzig). This is a great problem because in only thirty years, the population will rise by two billion. This indicates that people who are fourteen or fifteen will be living on an earth with nine billion people, and possibly more, by the time they are forty or so.
As of now, the population has a multitude of people worried and aware of the world’s population growth. As a result, copious amounts of people believe “the global population [is] on pace to reach 11 billion people by the end of the century” (“What 11 Billion People…”). This causes much controversy over the fact that is there a chance, if at all, that everyone will be able to lower the number and not acquire the insanely high numbers that are predicted. Remarkably, “[in] the 20th [century] alone, the population in the world has grown from 1.65 billion to 6 billion” (“World Population: Past…”). With such a striking increase in just a century, it is hard to conceptualize how many more people could live on earth in another one or two centuries.
In Africa, overpopulation is such an immense concern because of diseases, like HIV and AIDS, that spread more effortlessly due to the close living environments overpopulation creates. In Sub-Saharan Africa there is a high percentage of people with HIV or AID because the close living quarters cause many diseases like HIV and AIDS to spread more rapidly. In certain areas of Africa “[more] than two-thirds of all people infected with HIV live [in Sub-Saharan Africa.]” (“Infectious Diseases…”). With the population numbers in Africa ascending, like the rest of the world, the...

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