Developing Health Policies Essay

1173 words - 5 pages

Health policies are developed and changed in order to improve access to care, control costs and expand quality. Each country will have its own challenges in accomplishing these goals dependent on the diversities of the population, including wealth, sanitation, education, location, and lifestyles.
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS) changed the payment methodology for Medicare Advantage plans to a model that provides resources based on the chronic conditions being cared for in the senior population. CMS had the three goals in mind with the creation of the Risk Adjustment Model. This policy change took ten years to implement fully. The difficulties and trials of developing health policies have no easy answers or fixes, but are meant to improve the health of the citizens of the country creating the policies.
Challenges in Policy Development
Level of care provided
In an article by Jamison and Mosley (1991), they write the policy debate in international health has often been polarized around conflicting viewpoints on such issues as preventive versus curative services, selective versus comprehensive primary health care, or integrated versus vertical programs. As we approach the 21st century, it is becoming clear that framing the issues in these terms will not enlighten the policy process, primarily because it limits the options largely to actions that can be carried out directly by ministries of health. Profound social and economic transformations are projected to impact on health in the developing countries in the 1990s and beyond; implications for the epidemiological profiles of these countries will be dramatic. A more comprehensive analytical approach is required to formulate health policies that will not only respond to but actually guide the development process to maximize its health gains, minimize its potential adverse consequences, and deal cost-effectively with the emerging quantitative importance of non-communicable diseases.
They go on to discuss how the social and economic statuses of countries will affect the development of policies. Underdeveloped areas have to consider the prevalence of infectious and parasitic diseases, as well as under-nutrition in the population and high fertility rates. Alternatively, areas emerging into economic middle class have new health challenges to consider. Industrialization and urbanization to areas cause injuries and occupational diseases to become a focus.
Jamison and Mosley also state that any policy development will require three actions to be successful; identifying major disease problems, designing delivery systems, and defining the role of the government. One area of governmental role is in education regarding lifestyles of citizens with regard to habits, such as smoking and education in how to make water potable.
Although these are clear paths to creating health policy and a good starting point, the literature appeared to generalize populations and challenges that need to be dealt...

Find Another Essay On Developing Health Policies

Ottawa Charter Essay

2806 words - 11 pages (Daar�et al. 2007) listing the top 20 policy and research priorities for conditions such as diabetes, stroke and heart disease. These challenges were grouped under six sub-headings that included enhancing economic, legal and environmental policies; reorienting health systems; mitigating the health impacts of poverty and urbanization; and engaging business and the community. These strategies appeared alongside more predictable calls to

Comparison in Public Health Care Between Jordan and UAE

827 words - 4 pages , 1999). As the various countries of the Middle East examine their health care policies and infrastructure, the number of issues and their complexities keep on growing. In this report, the health care system of UAE would be compared to that of Jordan in terms of financing of health care, governance in health and quality and access of health services. Health Care System in UAE The United Arab Emirates (UAE), is amongst the most advanced countries

CLIMATE CHANGE: HEALTH CHALLENGES AND PREPAREDNESS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

1068 words - 5 pages Title CLIMATE CHANGE: HEALTH CHALLENGES AND PREPAREDNESS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Developing nation’s slippery wrestling with many health problems for many years, it is very clear that good health is relating to long live. In the developing – countries have a lot of issues such as lack of clean drinking water, inadequate, poor quality of food and disease are the challenges facing developing countries.The present of these problem hampering

Identifying and evaluating health related data available on the internet Research area – Smoking

575 words - 3 pages for specific purposes; the two most popular all-purpose search engines are Google and Yahoo. Medical search engines are distinctively designed for locating health information, such as Entrez (PubMed); GoPubMed; Healia and WebMD. (Searchenginelist). The internet is widely used for health data and an important resource for the public and healthcare professionals in developed and developing countries by utilising health resources for learning

Stakeholder Analysis

971 words - 4 pages Stakeholder Analysis According to Roy, 2013 the issues of providing the affordable care act will unite both the supporters and offenders of the public policy, but in this current situation where the input costs are rising, it will become impossible for government in managing the public policy related to affordable health care. In order to provide affordable health care, majority of the US government has tried out different policies time to time

Public Health: Ethical Concerns and Potential Barriers

2139 words - 9 pages nation as through proper administration of the required healthcare service, both curative and preventive a healthy population is maintained thereby giving the economy a productive labor. As a result, the economic status of the economy increases considerably and this is vital for the general development of the nation (Martin & Johnson, 2001). Domestic and International Policies for Dismantling Structural Inequalities in Public Health Many

Outcome Analysis

1120 words - 5 pages of dedicated and committed followers (Fried, Begg, Bayer & Galea, 2014). According to Academy Health (n.d.), developing a more comprehensive understanding of values, concerns, preferences, and misconceptions about health care is crucial for policymakers as they decide on legislation and forage support for change from the public. Academy Health (n.d.) further stated that a better understand¬ing of public views and opinions would assist policymakers

The Affordable Care Act

1127 words - 5 pages After the inception of ACA that is Affordable Care Act on March 23, 2010 various policies and regulations has been proposed which has more controversy (www.healthcapital.com, 2013). Affordable health act has impact on the stakeholders in different manner. The main concern in the medical field is the input cost which is increasing continuously. This is the biggest challenge for the US government as the increasing cost makes it impossible for the

The need to develop healthy public policy

1360 words - 5 pages world. Many of the health consequences of these challenges cannot be remedied by present and foreseeable health care. Health promotion efforts are essential, and these require an integrated approach to social and economic development which will re-establish the links between health and social reform, which the World Health Organization policies of the past decade have addressed as a basic principle. Action Areas 00 There are three key areas as

International Trade

1004 words - 5 pages . (2005). Free trade versus strategic trade as a choice between two ‘second best’ policies: A symmetric versus asymmetric information analysis. International Economic Journal, 19(3), 417-446. doi:10.1080/10168730500199640 Manu, F. A. (2009). Import substitution and export promotion: A continuing dilemma for developing countries. Journal Of International Business & Economics, 9(1), 100-104. Matschke, X., & Schöttner, A. (2013). Antidumping as

Health for the Indigenous Population in Australia

1264 words - 6 pages that suit themselves. The Ottawa charter was invented to make that process simple, easy and something that everyone could do. The Ottawa charter focuses on five main health promotional areas - building healthy public policys, creating supportive environments for health, strengthening community action for health, developing personal skills and re-orienting health services. All health promotion areas have a huge impact on all cultural groups but the

Similar Essays

Developing Health Policies In Developed And Undeveloped Countries

1009 words - 4 pages Developing Health Policies in Developed and Undeveloped Countries The purpose of this paper is to review some of the literature available surrounding the complexities of developing health policies in both developed and developing countries. Comparative Health Systems: Global Perspectives in the 21st Century Johnson and Stoskopf (2008) converse in detail the complexities involved in creating health policies in developed and developing or

Nurses Provide Primary Care To The Community

1567 words - 7 pages health care system within the community and jurisdiction. They link with stakeholders to mobilize resources in developing disaster preparedness and policies at all level of the community (Philibin et al. n.p.). Future of State of Public Health Nursing Since the 19th century, public health nursing evolved from direct care for ill and at-risk persons in the community to promoting health, preventing diseases and taking leadership roles in health care

Gender Disparities And Maternal Health Essay

872 words - 3 pages product. (GDP). In 1990, less then 1% of GDP was allocated to public health care with private expenditure accounting for the rest. This is well below international standards because of the low levels of expending; it becomes critical to evaluate the impact of government policies of people’s health. In addition to direct provision of various governments influence health delivery in indirect ways through their policies towards medical education and

Health Care Systems In Coumbia, Finland, And United Kingdom

2377 words - 10 pages expectancy will be over a hundred years. We have good control of infectious diseases too. But the development will bring problems too: obesity, diabetes, problems with alcohol etc. As Pekka Puska said we have a great deal of clinical and medical research, drug and clinical research are important, but they affect only accounts for a small part of the population. In a developing country there is much lower lever of health. We need global research and