The relations between great powers are always becoming a center of attention in the world of international relations. This is unavoidable because the history shows that the state of relations between great powers will deeply influence the overall state of international relations in the world. Furthermore, the rapid globalization of the world has dramatically increase interactions and creates highly interdependent relations among countries in the world.
Meanwhile, the extraordinary rise of China in the 21st century as the new great power will definitely reshape the balance of power in international arena. While today the United States still holds its position as a dominant power ...view middle of the document...
The China – India Relations in Modern Age
While the relations between the two giant nations had been established since thousand years ago, the bilateral relations between People’s Republic of China (PRC) and Republic of India formally began in 1950 when India openly recognized the People’s Republic of China as the legitimate government in mainland China. However, the relationship between the two countries has seen ups and downs in different periods of the time with some milestone events which marks their bilateral relation.
Year Important Events
April 1950 India recognized PRC as the legitimate power in mainland China and established diplomatic relations with PRC.
1959 Dalai Lama escaped to India after China took over Lhasa. Dalai Lama was followed into exile by 80,000 Tibetans and settled in Dharamsala, in northern India. India granted asylum seekers status to Dalai Lama and his followers.
October 1962 Sino- Indian War erupted in the disputed Himalayan border. It was resulted in India’s defeat and China gained Ladakh.
1965 China backed Pakistan with military supplies and other indirect supports during India-Pakistan war in 1965.
1967 Two skirmishers between Chinese and Indian military forces in Sikkim.
1979 Both countries agreed to re establish diplomatic relations.
1981-1985 Eight rounds of border negotiations between India and China.
1987 There was a skirmish in Sumdorong Chu valley between the soldiers from two sides. It was the third open military conflict between Chinese army and Indian army.
1991-1992 Top level dialogue and visit by top leaders from both countries (Premier Lipeng visited India in 1991 and President Venkataraman visited China in 1992)
2003 China officially recognized Sikkim as integral part of India.
October 2009 Asian Development Bank (ADB) formally acknowledged Anurachal Pradesh as part of India by approving loan for Indian government to start development project in the area. China expressed displeasure on ADB.
2011 China was becoming the biggest trading partner for India with the amount of trade reached US$ 73 billion in 2011.
February 2013 Three weeks stand offs between Chinese and Indian soldiers in Ladakh and Aksai Chin. However, it was resolved peacefully in May 2013.
October 2013 Indian Premier Manmohan Singh and Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed Border Defence Cooperation Agreement to maintain peace along the Line of Actual Control.
Potential sources of competition and conflict
There are some issues that potentially destabilize the bilateral relations between China and India as follows:
1. Borderline issue
China and India share borderland in the areas bordering Tibet province. The demarcation line that separates Indian territory from Chinese one are called the Line of Actual Control (LAC). This line is 4,065 kilometres long. It traverses 4 Indian states (Sikkim, Himachal, Uttarakhand, and Jammu Kashmir) and one province in China (Tibet). China and India contested some areas along the border: India claimed...