Developing Health Policies in Developed and Undeveloped Countries
The purpose of this paper is to review some of the literature available surrounding the complexities of developing health policies in both developed and developing countries.
Comparative Health Systems: Global Perspectives in the 21st Century
Johnson and Stoskopf (2008) converse in detail the complexities involved in creating health policies in developed and developing or undeveloped countries. The authors reflect that on an elementary level, health policy making is a complex political process that involves a diverse team of actors or participants including both governmental and nongovernmental, individuals as well as organizations, and inevitably leads to cost-quality exchanges. The authors explain that because of poor or imperfect market conditions, and misguided political priorities, the various governments, and other social organizations, have found it necessary to intercede in the provision of health care to its people.
All nations have experienced tribulations controlling cost while providing quality and accessible care, and measuring health outcomes Regardless of the specific type of health care system offered (Johnson & Stoskopf, 2008, p. 42). Developed nations deal with rising health care costs, because of quickly progressing technological advances. Modern advances in the field of data collection, helps developed nations to provide improved healthcare quality assurance; however, these advances have not reached the less economically advanced countries where the quality of health care can be too convoluted to compute (Johnson & Stoskopf, 2008, Pp. 42-44).
Johnson and Stoskopf (2008) also explain that both developed and undeveloped countries have a portion of population that receives limited access to health care. For the reason that it is expensive and hard to reach these groups, frequently the countries experience a failure of the healthcare system and must embrace change as the needs of the people are recognized. When a country experiences such a failure in its healthcare system, the population suffers a lowered life expectancy and an increase in preventable deaths (Johnson & Stoskopf, 2008, p. 51). The authors contend that wider access to fundamental health services would save lives and serve as an instrument in the battle against poverty.
According to the authors, health care policy makers have an obligation to consider both the micro and macro level when making policy (Johnson & Stoskopf, 2008, Pp. 42-45). The micro level consists of individuals and other organizations, and it cannot be assumed that the government will shield these smaller groups. Policy making is the continual progression of an existing complex system at a macro level. This system’s model of policy making is cyclical, with a process of six continuous stages, including: Acknowledgment of suggestions, policy formulation process, policy production, implementation, outcomes, and feedback...