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Development Of Art Throughout History Essay

1758 words - 7 pages

The evolution of sculpture in ancient Greece is one of the most forthright examples of how art changes with the times and thoughts of the people. People, the Greeks in particular, were putting themselves in high standing as the epitome of form and relative celestial importance. There was an obvious transition of their work from the Archaic to the Classical Period. It became more refined as time passed and this showed me an example of how slow change produces dramatic effects. Three figures, created over an approximate period of 150 years, show the progress. From the 580 B.C.E. Kouros to the 525 B.C.E. Kuros from Anavysos to the Doryphorus of 450-440 B.C.E. With the increasing concern for the self in Greek culture we see a shift happening that is recorded in the attention and development of their art. Amazing changes began to take place and the sculptures serve as markers for an awakening of the human consciousness as we can see in later pieces. The naturalism of the sculptures seem to increase dramatically from the first, where the shoulders are wider than the hips and little detail is given to the chest and arms to the second, where the chest and stomach are better defined and the hips are better proportioned to the shoulders. More detail is given to muscle tone and shape in the second sculpture. The final piece is the culmination of decades and even centuries, of advancing realization in Greek art. We see the style moving into its most refined stages with hints of more beautiful and awe-inspiring works just over the horizon. One arm is relaxed while the opposite leg is also. The other leg and arm are tense. The head and hands are in perfect proportion and the figure looks as if it would move at any time.High Renaissance refers to the climax of Renaissance art from c. 1500-1525. This was the period when painting especially reached its peak of technical mastery. Italian art attained the High Renaissance ideal of harmony and balance within the framework of classical realism, most notably in the work of artists Leonardo DaVinci (1452-1519), Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564), and Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio) (1483-1520), along with the great Venetian masters, Titian (c. 1485/90-1576) and Tintoretto (1518-1594). But the finest sculptor of this time would certainly have been Donatello (1386-1466). It seemed that (with his statue of Saint Mark), for the first time since classical antiquity and in striking contrast to medieval art, the human body is rendered as a self-activating, functional organism, and the human personality is shown with a confidence in its own worth.While many regional expressions of form developed throughout Europe, Romanesque often refers to all works of this era, including the later Norman variations. The most recognizable feature of these buildings is there massiveness. In a general sense, it is easy to distinguish such structures from their more slender descendants in the Gothic era. The Church of San Vitale is made of sliver...

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