Development Of Human Intelligence Essay

2315 words - 9 pages

This paper will highlight the development of human intelligence (HUMINT) and the importance of it in intelligence operations. HUMINT can provide information in areas that technical intelligence cannot and also drive the collection requirements of these disciplines when additional evidence is needed. HUMINT is critical in espionage efforts and has undergone the greatest changes from the start of the Cold War to the launch of the War on Terrorism.
Definition of HUMINT
Human Intelligence or HUMINT is intelligence that is collected through espionage commonly by sending clandestine officers to foreign countries in an attempt to recruit spies and gather valuable information. HUMINT can be collected through overt methods, openly known, or through covert measures, in secret. Intelligence officers have official covers that place them at diplomatic posts in foreign states allowing them to collect intelligence overtly. Covert collection efforts are done by those who do not have an official cover, who are typically portrayed as tourists, businessmen, or other various types of relevant covers. These covert HUMINT officers attempt to develop sources that have access to or could gain valuable information of interest to the U.S..
Brief History of HUMINT
HUINT was one of the first intelligence disciplines to be utilized. George Washington used spies during the Revolutionary War in which the operations directly contributed to the successful movement of troops around British forces to avoid conflict when able. The “mechanics” were an organized, patriot intelligence network that gathered intelligence on the British through the information of “spies”. Paul Revere’s famous “midnight ride” was part of a warning system based off of intelligence the “mechanics” had collected regarding upcoming British raids.
A hundred years later this system would be created into what we see in today’s HUMINT world. It would progress through ONI, and later the Army’s military information section, with the use of military and naval attaché’s worldwide providing intelligence on naval bases, shipyards, weaponry, and anything else that would be of use on the U.S. Navy’s possible adversaries. Attaché’s used secret agents to gather information that they couldn’t collect themselves and during the war when the demand for intelligence increased; the Army’s attaché system wouldn’t be established until the U.S. entered WWI. After WWII, President Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947 which created the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA); one of the three primary purposes to create a window into Stalin’s thoughts and ambitions particularly when it came to Western Europe. When it was reasoned that U.S. espionage should remain covert, CIA, under the provisions of the National Security Act of 1947, was directed to conduct HUMINT operations; operations grew enormously from 1948 to 1952.
Importance of HUMINT
The authors of the Dulles Report in 1948 indicated that...

Find Another Essay On Development of Human Intelligence

How Psychology Helps Us Understand the Concept of Language and Intelligence as Related to Human Beings

1549 words - 6 pages behaviour are directly related to intelligence and language in human beings. It is said that language, foresight, musical skills and other hallmarks of intelligence are connected through an underlying facility that enhances rapid movements. To most observers, the essence of Intelligence is cleverness, a versatility in solving novel problems. Jean Piaget, development psychologist, emphasized that Intelligence was the sophisticated groping that we

The Challenges of My Typical Student: Human Development and Learning

2366 words - 9 pages computers I will make a lesson plan of my curriculum based on using computers.Originally developed by social cognitive theorist and psychologist Lev Vygotsky, the concept of the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) opposes the use of standardized tests as a means to measure student intelligence. Vygotsky suggests that instead of assessing what students know to determine intelligence, it is more helpful to compare their ability to independently

Human Development and the Importance of Wind Energy Conversion

577 words - 2 pages Human Development and the Importance of Wind Energy Conversion For human development to continue, we will ultimately need to find sources of renewable or virtually inexhaustible energy. It's difficult to imagine this, but even if we find several hundred or even thousand years of coal and natural gas supplies, what will humans do for the next 250,000 years or so after they are depleted? Even the most apparently "inexhaustible" sources like

The Origin, Development and Significance of Human Rights

9689 words - 39 pages welfare movements that have taken place since. In large part, it is a response to the abuses of capitalist development and its underlying and essentially uncritical conception of individual liberty, which tolerated, and even legitimized, the exploitation of working classes and colonial peoples. Historically, it is a counterpoint to the first generation of civil and political rights, conceiving of human rights more in positive terms ("rights to

The Importance of Professional Work Attire Human Relations & Development

2609 words - 10 pages point is well taken. We used this book when locating ideas for our company's new dress code policy.One of my responsibilities as Manager of Human Resources for an Electric Cooperative is to maintain and implement employment policies. One of my most recent policies, which was approved by our Board of Directors in January of this year, was to establish a dress code to help employees improve our company image. The purpose of this policy is to promote

Human Development with the relationship of life experience,culture impacts and psychology development

3030 words - 12 pages Wei WangStudent ID: 11530781Human development is a complex synthesis of physiological, cognitive, psychological, moral, and spiritual expansion. Different theories explain one or more aspects of an individual's development. The primary goal of this paper is to analyse three aspects: how early life experiences and social development affect the adult person, following by how culture impacts on person's cognitive development. As well, the

Title: Human-Level Artificial Intelligence in Computer Games. This essay describes the breakthroughs that may occur in the field of Artificial Intelligence through the study of computer video games.

1638 words - 7 pages e-mail and online classes. However, computer scientists, as well as the rest of the human race, are still not satisfied by their progress. They still want more.One aspect of computer science that needs development is the concept of Artificial Intelligence, or AI. AI defined, is the ability for computers to behave like humans. More specifically, human-level AI gives the computer or system the capacity to actually think like humans and, in time

The Importance of Human Development in Terms of Living Conditions in Different Countries

986 words - 4 pages The Importance of Human Development in Terms of Living Conditions in Different Countries Human development is very important in terms of living conditions in different countries. The statement “any society committed to improving the lives of its people must also be committed to full and equal rights for all” is true. The UN considers three factors to calculate human development in a country. These factors cover many aspects of a

Chapter 7, 8, and 9 Discussion "Essentials of Human Life-Span Development"

9673 words - 39 pages questions on a variety of topics ranging from the ability to touch one's ear to the ability to draw designs from memory and define abstract concepts. Binet originally analyzed the results according to the concept of mental age (MA), an individual's level of mental development relative to others. However, William Stern added to this idea by creating the concept of intelligence quotient (IQ) a few years later, which is a person's mental age divided by

Explain the importance and scope of Human Resource Development in an organization?

846 words - 3 pages IntroductionPeople are the real assets of an organization. If treated well, they can take organizations to commanding heights. Two plus two could be four or even ten. Human Resource Development (HRD) stresses that human beings have the potential to do things better and hence it is a very positive concept in the human resource management. It is based on the belief that an investment in human beings is necessary and will invariably bring in

Development of Human Language, Neurolinguistics and Psycholinguistics: Exmaining Studies on Feral and Isolated Children

1824 words - 7 pages Most people take it for granted that children will develop cognition, language and communication skills when they reach a certain stage in their life. In fact, various studies have been conducted regarding these aspects of human development. A common topic for debate is the issue of nature versus nurture, wherein some groups support the idea that language and cognitive development is as natural as breathing while other groups contend that

Similar Essays

Influential Factors Of Human Intelligence Essay

1403 words - 6 pages and nurture are both important factors that shape human intelligence. However, one has a more significant effect than the other. It is imperative to recognize the more important factor of the two in order to better understand intelligence and its development. By evaluating the factors in depth, we become closer to identifying what causes individuals to succeed and what causes individuals to fail. We become a step closer to identifying and

Useful Theories Of Human Development Essay

1659 words - 7 pages There are many areas of psychology. The field of human development is divided into five main theory groups. The theory groups are psychodynamic, biological, cognitive, behavioral, and systems. Each theory group has many contributing theorists, all with different views, beliefs, research methods, and life experiences. All theories are valuable in the field of psychology, however some theories may prove to be more helpful than others, in specific

Case Study Of Human Development

1126 words - 5 pages Case Study of Human Development Anne is a 22-year-old Caucasian female currently enrolled in college. She is enrolled as a full time student majoring in Criminal Justice. She lives in a single room on campus and is three hours away from her family. She is currently in the Later Adolescence stage of development and is dealing with several different life issues. During the previous life stage, Early Adolescence, several developmental

Bronfenbrenner Analysis Of Ecological Human Development Theory

1400 words - 6 pages chosen the right time pursue another masters degree. Works Cited Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Unviersity Press. Crandell, T.L., Crandell, C.H., & Vander Zanden, J.W. (2009). Human Development (9th ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill highter Education. Paquette, D., Ryan, J. (nd) Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory. Retrieved from