Evolution Of Humanity: Civilization Essay

1644 words - 7 pages

There are some irrefutable facts that almost everyone accepts in the history of humanity. Existence of the first man, Adam, is one of these facts However, this information is not merely enough to characterize our greatest ancestor. People have always wondered what he looked like, his life and his interaction with nature. This wonder is not only a result of personal interests; it is also a question that examines the origin of humanity and civilization. People have assumed that primitive humans were like animals therefore there was a huge gap between the life of primitive man and today's civilized man and they began to investigate the reasons for this change and several questions were asked: When did the civilization process of human begin? Was foundation and development of humanity a revolution or an evolution that progresses relatively to the time? How can this progress be called: "the taming of a beast of prey" as Friedrich Nietzsche claims or a development in ideas and life styles of humans and improvement of technique? All these questions are to be answered in the rest of this essay. First of all, the image of the first man -or more generally 'primitive man'- has to be described. The image that evokes in today's people mind is the portrait of 'an animal', which has not met with civilization yet. The Epic of Gilgamesh describes this image by characteristics of Enkidu: "In the wilderness (?) she (Annu) created valiant Enkidu...His whole body was shaggy with hair, he had a full head of hair like woman ...He ate grasses with the gazelles and jostled at he watering hole with the animals; as with animals, his thirst was slaked with (mere) water."(Gilgamesh, I, 6). Here Enkidu seems to reflect the uncivilized human as a 'wild animal'. This resemblance is also used by Freud and he defines primitive men as "our animal ancestors" (Freud, 42). These descriptions make humans hesitated about their origins and they ask such a question: were our ancestors really animals? It's kind of an evolutionary related question and many scientists try to find the answer; however, in terms of social attitudes instead biological aspects, analytical thinking will uncover the intended meaning while using the word 'animal'. Animals are strongly bound to the nature and investigating general features of them will exhibit that their life completely are consisted of the nature and its elements. Animals don't have the control of their instincts, they are wild and aggressive. They are also far away from technology and do not live in an interactive community. Although it is difficult for people to conform the features of animals to humans, many of them believed that primitive humans were like animals at least in their behaviors. However there is a fact that these people don't consider: the ability of thinking, which changes the animal-based portrait of our ancestors in such a way: Primitive humans may behave and live like animals but they are also capable of thinking. This...

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