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Evolution Vs. Creationism Essay

1796 words - 8 pages

Since the beginning of the human race there has been a lingering question as to the origins of man and how all living things acquired their characteristics. The two main theories that arose over time were Creationism and Evolution, both of which provided very distinct answers to this question. Creationism based its answer on the idea of a supernatural power or being that created the entire universe, man and the numerous other organisms that live within it. While, Evolution theorizes that all living things have the potential to change and grow over time into something new and different. So in other words, one theory suggests that humans and all the organisms on Earth are the result of divine design, while the other indicates that they are only the result of environmental adaption and growth. However, as neither theory is without flaw and it is only through close examination that a true understanding of man’s origins can be obtained.
For centuries people have believed in Creationism which is the idea that the Earth, its inhabitants, and everything in the universe was created and governed by a supernatural power. According to Branch and Scott, the biggest influence on this idea is the Bible and more specifically the Book of Genesis which presents “creation ex nihilo (“from nothing”), a world flood, [and] a relatively recent inception of the Earth” (27). Branch and Scott are of course referring to the Judeo-Christian biblical creation stories of “Adam and Eve, the Garden of Eden, the Flood and Noah’s Ark” which, in the seventeenth-century Europe, were “generally considered to by literally true” (Park 24). From these stories the idea that except for the “great flood, the Earth and its inhabitants were pretty much the same now as they were they were created” was introduced (Park 24). This idea of course has many flaws which have slowly been uncovered by through the research and observations that several different scientists did in the late seventeenth to late nineteenth century.
The flaws that were uncovered included biogeography, paleontology, taxonomic classification, vestigial characteristics, and changes in current organisms. Every one of these flaws points out that the Creationists theory that the Earth, all of the organisms on it, and everything that surrounds it has not changed or been altered since the flood is inaccurate. Biogeography for example shows that “closely allied” species have a tendency to live on the “same continent… or within the same group of oceanic islands… despite their species-by-species preferences for different habitats, food source, [and] of conditions of climate” (Quammen 4). The explanation for this is that “they descended from common ancestors” and this can be verified with the paleontology flaw because that flaw deals with the fossils of plants and animals “that had [either] become extinct or that still existed but in different forms” which indicates not only that organisms have changed over time, but...

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