Deviance and Social Stigma
Crime is a creation of the law. When one becomes a deviant he or she has gone against law statute and therefore it becomes a crime. Crime committers may be arrested, tried and punished either by being jailed regardless of their status in the society .Some of the criminal activities have limited options .For example, murder, robbery with violence while others can be negotiated.
This paper will refer to the sociological perspectives and theories and how they relate to increased crime and the relationship between social stigma and deviance. It should always be noted that deviance has a direct relationship to time and place .Cultural norms may be contradicting from one society to another. For instance, what one society perceives as deviant behavior may be regarded by another society as normal. Take this example, if a guest arrives during meal time, some societies may not include them in a meal already served while others will consider what little they have with them.
This therefore creates a need for offenders to be incapacitated or kept away from the public in order to ensure they stay aware from environments that make them commit those crimes in order to protect the public from social and even psychopathic delinquents. Neurotic delinquents are said to be suffering from deep-rooted anxiety. They are dangerous to the public and such kinds of people have no sense of being. These kinds of people have a feeling of intense insecurity and have a feeling of pervasiveness and guilt consciousness.
Stigma comes in three forms: first from unconcealed or exterior deformations, such as scars, physical manifestations of anorexia nervosa, leprosy or of a physical disability (Tremblay & Nagin, 1999). Secondly it occurs in the form of deviations in individual qualities which includes mental illness, drug addiction, alcoholism and criminal backgrounds are stigmatized in this way. Thirdly the so called “ethnic stigmas" are qualities either imagined or bona fide, of ethnic groups, nationalities, or religions believed to comprise a deviation from what is perceived to be the prevailing normative ethnicity, nationality or religion.
Empirical research shows that stigma related diseases especially mental disorders point towards a surprising mind-set of the general community. Those who were told that mental disorders had a genetic basis were more prone to increase their social distance from the mentally ill, and also assume that the ill were risky persons and in a position to stigmatize other family members in contrast with those members of the general community who were told that the illnesses could be explained by social and situational factors.
Deviance stigma occurs when a person identified as deviant or linked with negative stereotypes bring about partisan attitudes, which are acted upon in inequitable behavior. Secondary deviation refers to the labels positioned upon people by society's response and feedback and how they come to...