In Greek mythology and literature, the Gods are always present in some shape or form. It has been recorded in ancient Greek literature that the Gods interacted with mortal humans quite often. Nothing would change a mortal human’s life more than interacting with the Gods. What is the reason for such events? The Olympian Gods constantly intervene with the mortals, but what is the cause? The Gods show their power over mortal men through divine interaction, physically and psychologically. The Gods and mortals interact in many different ways, but the natures of these interactions are what truly explain and describe how ancient Greeks recognized their Gods.
It is important to understand the nature of the Gods before trying to understand immortal and mortal interactions. Greek literature that dates as far back as Homer describes the Olympian Gods as anthropomorphic, meaning they have human characteristics. Their physical form takes the shape of a human being, which also includes human emotions. An example of a God taking the physical form of a human being takes place in the Odyssey when Athena, Goddess of wisdom, meets with Odysseys’ son to give him instructions. This makes the fact that the Gods acted and behaved much like humans a little more understandable. Walk like a duck and talk like a duck, you might as well be a duck.
What does this have to do with divine interactions with mortals? Since the Gods are basically human in characteristics, they have the same motives as mortals. And since the Gods have the same motives as mortals, their actions are very much so predictable. Devine interactions and relationships with mortal men can be compared to something like a hierarchy. The Gods are the ruling class, whereas the mortals are the lower class. The Kings and heroes occupy the middle class because they are placed above the mortals in many different categories such as wealth, athleticism, and smarts. Heroes often believed that they were related to one of the Gods, which gave them superiority over other mortals, but did not make them immortal.
Divine interactions can be split into two different groups, physical and psychological. The first group that will be focused on is the physically interactions between immortals and mortals. It is because of the nature of the Gods that they consistently interacted with mortals. The Gods act like mortals and have emotions like mortals do which causes them to want to be involved with the mortals’ existence. The Gods can be explained as an unseen force that acts as guidance for mortals in many different situations. Many of these situations are recorded in ancient Greek literature such as the Iliad and the Odyssey.
The way the Gods physically intervene with mortals can happen in different forms. Myths give off the impression that the Gods have many different positions. Not only do they try to help mortals, they also try to deter them as well. Basically every hero in ancient...