Dharavi Solutions Essay

2291 words - 9 pages

[Type text] [Type text] [Type text]Rachel Friesen 20458566Dharavi SolutionsRachel FriesenOctober 17, 201420458566AbstractThis paper involves researching the sustainability crisis in Mumbai while considering the Dharavi slum as holding potential solutions for the environmental emergency. The research question pursued in this paper is whether the Dharavi slum of Mumbai holds solutions for Mumbai's environmental crisis. This will be done through analyzing multiple peer reviewed and research articles while delving into a focused case study of the Dharavi slum itself. Upon examination of these sources it becomes evident that Dharavi has many potential solutions for Mumbai's environmental concerns. Dharavi succeeds at embodying a combination of advanced grassroots recycling programs, innovative economic means and high levels of adaptability within its population allowing for it to thrive as a ecosystem. Therefore the provided outcome of the research highlights the importance of using Dharavi as a leading example in future sustainability pursuits for Mumbai.[1: Harding, D][2: Kale, O][3: Harding, D]IntroductionMumbai's mass urbanization has accelerated over the past sixty years. Large groups of India's poor from rural settings have migrated into the now megacity of Mumbai leading to its metropolitan population skyrocketing to about 21 million. Many of these urban poor take up residence in the Dharavi slum, situated in the middle of the financial capital. Dharavi offers affordable living with rents as low at four dollars per month and easy access to Mumbai's two main subway lines, making it a highly attractive area for migrants to the city. Dharavi is an evident "squatter city,' meaning that the population residing within Dharavi's boundaries have zero legal ownership of the land. Yet Dharavi is has a thriving economic ecosystem with the annual rates of economic turnover output reaching to an estimated 650 million a year. Quality of life is a constant threat in Mumbai as a result of the cities size and high growth rate. Air pollution is rampant as a outcome of the high gas emissions, congestion has led to poor regulation of city services producing excessive quantities of urban waste, and it's estimated that breathing Mumbai's air is equivalent to smoking twenty cigarettes a day. These negative realities call into question the current environmental sustainability crisis in Mumbai. The city is a dangerous scenario of high growth and poor green strategies to regulate the growth environmentally. The Dharavi slum alternatively has managed holistically to regulate its growth while minimizing environmental emissions. This paper will look at how Dharavi has been able to maintain a low environmental footprint, while being highly active economically. Relevant literature will be analyzed on sustainability in Mumbai, also examined will be a case study on Dharavi's community functioning. The research will seek to further address the potential sustainability lessons...

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