There are three types of diabetes. Type I is called Diabetes
Mellitus. In type I the body stops making insulin or makes small
amounts. Without insulin glucose cannot get into your cells which is
needed to burn for energy. Glucose will collect in the blood. Over time
high levels of glucose in the blood may hurt the eyes, kidney, nerves, or
heart. Type I occurs mostly in people under 30, though it may occur at
any age. The signs may come suddenly and be quite severe. The
symptoms may include frequent urination, constant hunger, constant
thirst, weight loss, weakness, fatigue, edginess, mood changes, nausea,
and vomiting. People with type I have to take insulin.
No one knows for sure why people get type I insulin. Some people
are born with the genes that increase there chances of receiving
diabetes. But many people with the same genes don't receive diabetes.
It is suggested that another stimuli inside or outside the body triggers
the disease. It is unknown what that stimuli is.
People have a high level of autoantibodies in the blood before
being diagnosed. Antibodies are proteins that the body makes to
destroy germs and viruses. Autoantibodies are antibodies that have
"gone bad". They attack your bodies own tissues. Autoantibodies may
attack insulin or cells that make insulin.
The second type of diabetes is called Diabetes Insipidus or type II.
In type II the body does not make enough insulin, or the body has
trouble using insulin. People with type II may inject insulin but they do
not depend on it to live. Type II affects mostly people over 40 but it can
affect younger people as well. The symptoms include frequent
urination, constant thirst, constant hunger, weight loss, weakness,
dry-itchy skin, blurred vision, numb hands/feet, fatigue, and infection of
skin gums, bladder or vagina that heal slowly or keeps coming back.
Type II runs in families, being overweight brings it on. It is common
in people who eat too much fat, eat too little carbohydrates and fiber,
and get too little exercise. When a person is overweight the body has a
harder time using the insulin that it makes. Often the term insulin