Diabetes: All About The Desease, Its Causes, Effects, Treatments, And Possible Future Treatments.

2796 words - 11 pages

DiabetesMugs BlankMay 22, 2001Biology4th Quarter ReportDiabetes, a life long disease for which there is not yet a cure, is caused by reduced production of insulin, or by decreased ability to use insulin. Insulin, the hormone produced by the beta cells in the pancreas, allows blood sugar (glucose) cells to be able to use blood sugar. This hormone is necessary for glucose to go from the blood to the inside of the body cells. With inadequate insulin, glucose builds up in the bloodstream instead of going into the cells. The body is unable to use glucose for energy despite the high levels of glucose in the bloodstream. This causes the excessive thirst, urination, and hunger, which are the most common symptoms of diabetes. The excess sugar remains in the blood and is then removed by the kidneys. This disease occurs in several forms, but the most common are Type I Diabetes or Juvenile Onset Diabetes or Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM), Type II or Non Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM), and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.In Type I Diabetes, the body is unable to store and use glucose as an energy source effectively. The pancreas secretes a hormone called insulin, as mentioned above, that helps lower blood sugar and aids in the passage of glucose out of the blood cells into body cells. Also with Type I Diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, and within five to ten years after diagnosis, insulin-producing cells of the pancreas are completely destroyed causing absolute insulin deficiency. This type may occur in both sexes, but mainly manifests itself in children, teens, or young adults. This form can occur at any age, but usually happens before the age of thirty, and in lean people. Fifty percent of all people with Type I diabetes are under the age of 20. Insulin-dependent diabetes accounts for 3% of all new cases of diabetes each year. One new case per 7,000 children a year arises, and the incidence decreases after the age of twenty years. (Baker 1932-34) The exact cause of this type is unknown, however, genetics is known to play a strong role. Viruses that have injured the pancreas could make one who is already prone to the disease of diabetes, more susceptible to getting it. The virus does this by destroying insulin-making cells in the body's immune system and this may play causative role. Some risk factors for Type I include autoimmune disease, viral infections, and a family history of diabetes since the disease is hereditary. The symptoms are usually more severe with this type of diabetes, and they develop rapidly. These indications include: increased thirst, increased urination, weight loss in spite of increased appetite, nausea, vomiting, fatigue and absent menstruation. At diagnosis, immediate goals are to stabilize the metabolism and eliminate the symptoms of high blood-glucose, because of the sudden onset of symptoms treatment for the newly diagnosed will include hospitalization to stabilize the high blood-glucose...

Find Another Essay On Diabetes: All about the desease, its causes, effects, treatments, and possible future treatments.

ADHD and Its Treatments Essay

1821 words - 7 pages . Fortunately, research and experiments have led to new and effective treatments to help those who suffer from this disorder (Dupaul 8). This research examined journal articles and internet sources on the topic to help unlock the complexities of the disorder through scientific research. It also was a way to separate the myths of the disorder from the truths, while discovering the causes, diagnosis methods, and best treatment alternatives to battle this

Schizophrenia and Its Treatments Essay

1939 words - 8 pages Schizophrenia and Its Treatments *Missing Works Cited* Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder which affects one person of every hundred, both men and women alike (Nichols, 1). It usually develops in a persons late teens or early twenties, though it sometimes (rarely) starts in middle age or even much later into a persons life (Nichols, 1). The earlier this problem starts, the more potential it has to harm the persons personality

Discuss the symptoms, possible causes and treatments of schizophrenia and/or depression

1978 words - 8 pages treatment without anaesthetic. Many of the treatments that have been used for treating schizophrenia can and have been used in the treatment of depression and although ECT is now rarely used for schizophrenia it appears to be very effective for severe depression, but, although it is now administered under anaesthetic it is not with out its dangers. It is potentially dangerous and patients have broken limbs.Tranquilliser drugs such as Valium have been

Causes and Treatments of Obesity

1518 words - 7 pages rather than walking. • Certain Medication: Some medications can cause obesity. These medications are: antidepressants, anti-seizure medications, diabetes medications, antipsychotic medications, steroids and beta-blockers. 4. Suggested Treatments The target of obesity treatment is to get and remain at a healthy weight. To have a successful obesity treatment, it requires changing lifestyle, such as eating food with fewer calories and being

Bad Breath: Causes and Treatments

1510 words - 6 pages possibility is the food that they are eating at the time. To find out what is wrong with a person’s breath, they should evaluate what they eat on a daily process, “certain foods that cause bad breath are onions, garlic, alcohol, coffee, and tobacco" (Bad Breath (Halitosis) – Causes and Treatments). These foods cause bad breath because they linger in the mouth with their bacteria that they possess and with those bacteria, it makes the mouth smell

Alzheimer’s Disease: Causes and Treatments

1904 words - 8 pages Dementia is a neurological disorder where those affected suffer from a loss of cognitive ability. It is most common in older generations; however, it can occur before the age of 65 in what is known as early onset dementia. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia. About 15.9 million Americans suffer from the disease and it is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. While other leading causes of death can be

Causes and Treatments for Anorexia

1014 words - 4 pages restore the bone mass and strength that had been lost when the patient was starving herself. Antidepressants and other medications are sometimes used to treat depression and anxiety. With treatment, many of the medical complications of anorexia nervosa can be reversed.Numerous forms of psychotherapy are regularly used to help people that have anorexia nervosa to recognize and change their vague and somewhat incorrect attitudes about food, weight, and

Causes and Treatments of Schizophrenia

1333 words - 5 pages A large number of the homeless population consists of the mentally disabled. About one third of people that are homeless have a disease called schizophrenia or they have manic depressive disorder. Schizophrenia is a long term mental disorder that breaks down the connection between thought, emotion, and behavior. This leads to faulty perception, withdrawal from reality, delusions, inappropriate actions and feelings, and the sense of mentally

Possible Cancer Treatments

1737 words - 7 pages chemotherapy. Thankfully, these side effects can almost always be controlled, or at least substantially reduced, by a variety of drugs and lifestyle changes.Hair Loss(Alopecia)Chemotherapy may make you lose your hair completely, cause it to thin, or not affect it at all. Your doctor will be able to tell you how your specific drug will affect your hair. Your hair will begin to grow back after the treatments are over. It's not unusual for your

The Effects and Treatments of Fibromyalgia

858 words - 4 pages live with a chronic illness can cause depression and strain a person emotionally. They need to be supported by family and friends. There are many support groups for people with Fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is a long-term disorder. Long term effects can vary from the pain can getting better with time or it getting worse. Patients can reduce their pain through various treatments and medications. Even though this disorder is long lasting there is no

Incidence and Treatments for Diabetes Mellitus

632 words - 3 pages . However, all these treatments have limited efficacy and have been reported to be associated with undesirable side effects (Harrower, 1994). In order to overcome the side effects associated with diabetes, interest has been shifted to the use of alternative medicine. Herbal and medicinal plants are used as alternative treatment modes for diabetes (Alarcon-Aguilara et al. 1998). In recent years, development of plant-based therapeutics is gaining ground

Similar Essays

Aids & Hiv The Causes Effects And Types Of Possible Treatments

1406 words - 6 pages . Invirase, Norvir, and Fortovase are all protease inhibitors. Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors are Viramune and Rescriptor. All of these methods of treatments are extremely strong and powerful and a person using these drugs should follow doctors orders exactly.People should remember that this disease effects many people and there is no reason to be scared of it if proper precautions are taken. Always where a condom before having sex it is

Diabetes Treatments Essay

1187 words - 5 pages . Identification of immunointervention protocols that allow for engraftment in the absence of deleterious effects on the islets and prevent rejection and recurrent autoimmunity would make this procedure suitable for all patients, including children who have not yet developed long-term complications of the disease. Fortunately, both IDDM and NIDDM are treatable. Without the treatments, there would have been a lot of people and children

The Disease Ichthyosis: The Causes, Effects, And Treatments

548 words - 3 pages the old cells fast enough. This causes something that may resemble fish scales. That is why ichthyosis stands for "fish disease" in Greek.A person with Ichthyosis may have trouble fighting infections because they are able to get though the cracks in the skin created by the disorder. People with this disorder have trouble with temperature changes. Overheating is the biggest problem. Exercising, hot weather, and anything else that would cause you

Infertility Causes And Treatments Essay

800 words - 3 pages Infertility is a fairly common problem for couples. It can be embarrassing, upsetting, depressing, and distressing. It is defined as the persistent inability to achieve conception and produce an offspring. Both males and females can be infertile. Infertility can be distressing to a couple, and even cause problems in their relationship. Fortunately, a great deal of information is known about the symptoms, causes, effects, and treatments of