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Diabetes And Cancer In The United States

617 words - 3 pages

Both diabetes and cancer are diseases that cause tremendous health burden worldwide. The prevalence of diabetes in the U.S. in 2007 was 11% for persons aged 20 years and older (23.6 million individuals). Of these, type 2 diabetes accounted for ∼95% of cases. Cancer is the 2nd and diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the U.S. Epidemiologic evidence suggests that people with type II diabetes have an increased risk of liver, endometrium, pancreas, colorectum, bladder, breast and total cancer, but a decreased the risk of prostate cancer. Type 2 diabetes and cancer share many risk factors, including age, sex, genetic factors, obesity, diet, lack of exercise, smoking, and alcohol intake. ...view middle of the document...

The dietary inflammatory index (DII) has recently been developed to provide an overall score for the inflammatory potential of the diet. The DII is based upon an extensive literature search incorporating cell culture, animal, and epidemiologic studies on the effect of diet on inflammation. The overall score is dependent on the whole diet, not just certain nutrients or foods. The DII is not limited to micronutrients and macronutrients, but also incorporates commonly consumed components of the diet including flavonoids, spices, and tea. The higher score of DII has been shown to associated with higher CRP levels, which indicated a more pro-inflammatory diet. The lower score of DII indicated anti-inflammatory diet. We hypothesize that anti-inflammatory diet reduced the risk of cancer related mortality in population with type II diabetes.
Tight glucose control is one of the central goals of effective diabetes management, which strives to minimize morbidity and mortality by...

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